RE Environmental and Medical Issues

 Environmental and Medical Issues

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

     What are the causes of global warming?   

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  • Natural climate change - scientists claim it is a result of natural changes because the warmest periods in the last 10,000 years happened well before humans started to produce carbon footprints.
  • Solar activity - scientist claim that the change in the earth temperature are caused by the amount of radiation coming from the sun.  
  • The greenhouse effect - the burning of fossil fuels (gas, coal and oil) produces carbon dioxide. this produces a barrier in the atmosphere so that the sun can get in the heat cannot get back out.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

           What are the possible solutions to global warming?  

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  • Car manufacturers are using ethanol, biodiesel, electric batteries and hydrogen to power cars without carbon emissions.
  • It is also possible to improve the efficiency and reduce the pollution caused by such things as cars.
  • Increased use of public transport could greatly reduce carbon emissions  
  • Using ways of making electricity that does not produce carbon dioxide: wind power, sea power, hydroelectric power and solar power.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  What are the main forms of pollution - other than carbon         emissions?  

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  • Acid rain - buildings and forests are being destroyed by acid rain. this is caused by the burning of fossil fuels which causes a change in PH of the rainwater in clouds. 
  • Human waste - the waste produced by humans in the form of sewage, refuse and litter is a major threat to the future of the planet. 
  • Eutrophication - this is a lack of oxygen is rivers killing fish and making water plants grow. it is caused by fertilisers being washed into streams, sewage pollution and a lack of trees to soak up nitrogen. 
  • Radioactive pollution - Nuclear power stations produce nuclear waste which will take a very long period of time to become safe. people can die when coming into contact with the waste. 
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

   What are the possible solutions to pollution?  

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  • The solution to acid rain is to create electricity from non polluting sources
  • The problems of waste could be solved by a combination of recycling, using incinerators to produce electricity and sewage to produce methane gas.
  • The problem of litter would be solved if people stopped dropping liter.
  • Some nuclear waste can be reprocessed so that the waste can be re-used. this means that it does not have to be stored underground.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  What are the two types of natural resources?  

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  • Renewable resources are resources which can humans can use over and over again. Using renewable resources can cause no problems but using them to produce electricity is more expensive.
  • Finite resources are resources which disappear once they are used. 
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

   Why does the scarcity of natural resources pose a threat    to the future of the planet?  

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  • The problem is most obvious in the case of oil. it is not only that petrol and diesel come from oil. all plastics and road surfaces, most candles, polishes and chemical foodstuffs come from oil. if the oil dries up there will be a large problem.
  • metals cause similar problems. everything from car panels to kitchen appliances come from finite ores. many scientists feel that unless we stop using them, they will run out soon.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

        What are the best possible solutions to the scarcity of             natural resources?  

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  • We could use renewable resources to make electricity. 
  • Car manufactures are looking at waster, sugar cane and electric batteries as a way of powering cars.  
  • Recycling will enable the lifetime of many finite resources to be extended. 
  • Some people think that an alternative lifestyle is necessary and they only use natural products and ride bikes instead of using cars.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  What are the Bible teachings that show that Christians         should be Stewards of the earth?  

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  • We were given the right to rule over the world but only as God's stewards.
  • We must treat animals and the land likely.
  • We have responsibilities to leave the earth in a better place than they have found it.
  • We have a responsibility to make sure that the Earths resources are shared evenly.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

   How do beliefs about stewardship affect Christian                 attitudes to the environment ?   

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  • The responsibility to be God's stewards and leave the Earth a better place than they found it. Christians should try and reduce pollution and preserve resources.
  • Christians should show stewardship by working to share the Earth's resources more fairly and improve the standards in LEDC's.
  • The belief that they will be judged on their behavior as stewards means Christians should help the work of groups which try to reduce pollution and conserve resources.
  • Christians should judge what they do in their life by the standards of Christian stewardship. only a good steward that can become a good christian.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

 What are the teachings in Islam that show that Muslims          should be Stewards of the earth?  

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  • Islam teaches that God created Adam as his Khalifah (vice-regent). This means that all Muslims are God's Khalifahs who have to keep the balance of creation and look after the Earth for God.
  • Islam also teaches that people will be judged by God on the way they have looked after the Earth and life on Earth.
  • Islam teaches that this life is a test from God. a main part os the test is looking after the environment in the way of Islam.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

     How do Islamic teachings about stewardship affect                  attitudes to the environment?   

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Environmen

  • The responsibility to be God's vice-regents means that muslims should reduce pollution and preserves resources.
  • The shari'ah and ummah tell muslims that stewardship including sharing the Earths resources more fairly and improve the living standard in LEDC's. 
  • The belief that they will be judged on their behavior as Khalifahs means that muslims have a duty to help the work of groups which try and reduce pollution and conserve resources.
  • There is a unity and balance in creation, therefore muslims have a duty to preserve the environment.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Infertilit

What are the 5 main treatments for fertility?   

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Infertilit

  • In-vitro fertilisation
  • Artificial insemination by husband
  • Artificial insemination by donor
  • Egg donation
  • Embryo donation
  • Surrogacy 
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Infertilit

Why are infertility treatments important?   

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Infertilit

  • Infertility has become much more of a problem, as many as 12.5% of couples in UK have fertility problems.
  • According to HFEA up to 1.5 million men in the UK alone have fertility problems.
  • In 2007 12% of all births were as a result of fertility treatments.
  • It is a part of human nature to want to have children and raise a family, and if treatments can help people achieve this, they must be important.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Infertilit

What is the Catholic attitude to infertility treatments?   

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Infertilit

They believe it is wrong because:

  • IVF involves fertilising several eggs, some of which are thrown away or used in experiments. the catholic church believes this is the same as abortion which the Church bans.
  • All forms of artificial insemination or surrogacy involve masturbation which is a sin.
  • All forms of embryo technology involve fertilisation being separated from sex, but God intended procreation to be a part of sex.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Infertilit

What is the attitude of other Christian Churches to infertility treatments?   

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Infertilit

They believe that IVF and AIH is allowed:

  • Because one of the purposes of marriage of Christian marriage is to have children, so infertility treatments must be good.
  • In these treatments, the baby will be the biological offspring of its mother and father.
  • The discarded embryos are not fetuses and so life is not being taken.

They do ban other infertility treatments.

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Infertilit

 What is the Muslim attitude to infertility treatments?   

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Infertilit

Islam accepts IVF and AIH because:

  • The egg and sperm are from husband and wife.
  • All muslims should have a family.
  • The unused embryos are not fetuses so life is not being taken.

Islam does not allow any other treatments because:

  • They deny a child's right to know its natural parents.
  • Egg or sperm donation is like adultery.
  • They are the same as adoption which is banned in Islam.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

What are the two types of transplant surgery?   

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

  • Donation of Organs from a live donor
  • Donation of Organs from a dead donor
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

Why is transplant surgery important?   

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

  • It cures life-threatening diseases and improves people's lives.
  • Transplants save over 3000 lives a year.
  • More people need transplant surgery every year so transplants are essential.
  • Transplant surgery gives people a chance to help others after their death by using organs which otherwise would be buried or burned.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

Why do most Christians agree with transplant surgery?   

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

  • Those who believe in immortality of the soul believe the body is not needed after death.
  • Those who believe in resurrection believe that God will not need the organs to raise the body.
  • Leaving organs for others is another way of loving your neighbour.
  • Leaving your organs is a way of treating others as you would want to be treated. 
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

Why do some Christians agree with transplant surgery using organs donated by living relatives but not organs from dead people?

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

  • Transplanting organs from the dead to the living is playing God which is a great sin.
  • Organs such as the heart are an essential part of a person created by God.
  • Donating your living organs is a way of loving your neighbour.
  • Paying for organs is exploiting the poor which is banned in the Bible.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

Why do some Christians not agree with transplant surgery at all, and won't carry donor cards? 

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

  • They believe it ignore the sanctity of life.
  • They believe it is playing God which is a great sin.
  • It raises the problem of when someone is dead, and whether the surgeon saves the life of an unknown accident victim or the patient they know who needs a transplant.
  • It takes resources from less expensive cures which could have far more people than a single transplant.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

Why do some muslims not agree with transplant surgery at all, and wont carry donor cards?

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

  • The shari'ah teaches that nothing should be removed from the body after death.
  • It is playing God which is the greatest sin of shirk.
  • The Qur'an teaches that only God has the right to give and take a life.
  • They believe they need all of their organs for resurrection on the Last Day.
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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

Why do some muslims allow transplant surgery using organs from a living donor? 

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RE - Environmental and Medical Issues - Transplant

  • Some Muslims lawyers have said it is allowed.
  • The muslim law council of the UK says that Muslims can carry donor cards and have transplants.
  • Islam aims to do good and help people.
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Comments

Ele.

Please could you add to this to make it a full set of functioning set of revision cards,

Thank you,

Ele (moderator)

Vlz

decent

Rebecca

Great resource, thank you :D

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