"Forgive your brother seventy times seven"
"If your brother sins rebuke him, if he repents forgive him."
Parable of goats and sheep - don't ignore those in need.
"Love thy neighbour" - don't commit harmful crimes.
"Though shall not kill" - Ten Commandments
"Turn the other cheek" - forgive criminals
Karma - bad karma from crimes
Right action and intention - don't commit crimes
First Precept - "do not harm"
Karuna - Showing compassion to everyone, even criminals
"Allah doth command you when you judge between man and man, that you judge with justice"
"For God loves those who do good."
"As to the theif, cut of their hand, by way of example" - Aim of deterrence - public punishment.
"We ordained them, life for life" - for death penalty
"The man and woman guilty of adultery, flog each of them"
Aims of Punishment
Protection - keep public safe from the criminal
Reformation - make the criminal a better person
Deterrence - put others off commiting crime
Vindication - show that law must be respected
Retribution - get revenge on the criminal
Reparation - make up for the crime commited
Types of Crime
Crimes against a person - physically / mentally harms another person e.g. murder, assault
Crimes against property - damages someone else's property e.g. arson, theft, vandalism
Crimes against the state - undermines government e.g. terrorism, tax evasion
Reasons for Crime
Environmental - a person's upbringing e.g. poverty
Peer Pressure - being a member of a gang or needing to fit in
Psychological - personality traits e.g. jealous or greedy, psychological problems e.g. pyromaniac or sociopath
Drug addiction - use of illegal drugs, impaired judgement, theft to pay for drugs. Highest cause of crime.
Arguments for the Death Penalty
Justice and revenge for victim and their family.
Protection as criminal can never reoffend.
Deterrence for others
Stronger punishment than life sentence
"We ordained for them, life for life." - Muslim
"An eye for an eye" - Christian (Old Testament)
Arguments Against the Death Penalty
Not morally right.
Doesn't bring back the victim.
Person may be innocent
Executioner is a bad job (Buddhist right livelihood)
It is still murder
"Turn the other cheek" - Forgive everyone - Christian
Karuna - showing compassion for all. - Buddhist
Sanctity of life - All life is sacred and good given, even criminals. - Muslim and Christian
Agape - love should be shown to everyone - Christian
Types of Punishment