Rationalism

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Rationalism

Descartes:

  • We can establish  the mind, the physical world and God through a priori reasoning.
  • Attacks sense experience through lack of trust in senses
  • Can only know we exist
  • God is not a deceiver

Plato:

  • Forms (perfect idea)
  • Example: not knowing equal through experience, only almost equal
  • Experience forms before this world
  • A type of innate idea
  • 'Almost equal' contains 'equal'
  • Nietzsche: based on the desire to see good and bad as opposites

Chomsky:

  • Innate knowledge of language
  • Poverty of stimulus
  • Know the formation of grammar- innate
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