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  • Regional/national... due to improved transport
  • Codification... improved literacy and increased administraction
  • Respectable... influnce of middle class and improved law and order
  • Urban... industrial revolution
  • Regular... increased free time and transport
  • 3 class society... imergence of middle class
  • Purpose built facilities... improved technology
  • Control of gambling... improved law and order
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  • Class divide... UC/MC/WC all took part but less lower class and couldnt afford the equipment
  • Amateur/ professionalism... treated differently eg in book, professional (Bloggs) vs amateurs (Mr J Bloggs)
  • Transport... meant teams could travel so play eachother. William Clarke's touring side only came avaible due to increased railways.
  • W G Grace...  bigger than the came itself, people only came to see him
  • William Clarke...  played to make money, took on teams with more players
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  • Wingfield invented 1874
  • middle class invented, wc excluded until parks 
  • private clubs were made by gentlemen for those whose gardens were too small
  • rejected by boy public school as took up too much space and indivdual game
  • accepted by girl schools as was respectable and civilised as could still wear long dresses
  • role models.. Lotti Dodd 1877 won first ladies single wimbledon age 15
  • it was empacation for women as over came sterotypes of victorian times
  • played on hourglass shaped courts
  • accepted as UC-MC game
  • fashionable status symbol
  • first introduced to wimbeldon in 1877
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  • Over came Victorian sterotypes so was emcaption
  • it was respectable and civlisered as still wear long dresses
  • socially imporant as both sexes played
  • by having tall hedges or walls meant could invite suitable memeber of opposite sex for supervised sport
  • could partcipate but werent expected to exect themself or excel themself
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  • Tracks..1850, purpose built tracks
  • Specators.. 1850, 25000 specators
  • Upper class.. to show off/ support, amatuer
  • Middle class.. organised, amatuer
  • Lower class.. took part to earn money for families.. professional 
  • AAC- 1866.. amateur athletic club.. by ex uni men
  • Exclusion clause... excluded professionals and working class becuase built muscle whilst working
  • AAA- 1880... amateur athletic association, atheletics came open to all
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  • 'Peoples game' .. Upper , middle and lower class partcipated
  • Media..  improved literacy meant could read up on teams and players
  • Arsenal.. factory
  • Everton... church
  • Broken time payments... good players were payed by clubs to play so could afford to take time off work
  • Transport... could play all over country in leagues and specators could come and watch 
  • Technology..  purpose built facilites 
  • NGB.. ex uni men set up
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  • Cites came over crowded
  • Lack of washing facilities
  • UC- had bathrooms
  • LC- had rivers
  • The rivers came polluted eg cholera as everyone used them
  • So people either didnt wash or got ill
  • So government had to do something
  • Wash house act 1846.. local authorties could apply for grant to build washing facilites 
  • This mean from the government perspective less people so less people having time off work
  • The middle class invented plunge baths 1884.. 
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