RAPOPORTS BASICS (1982)
- First to point out the family structure and patterns are diverse.
- 1978, 20% of families consisted of married couples with children.
- Decline in the proportion of households with married couple and dependent children, now only 23% (social trends)
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DIFFERENT KINDS OF DIVERSITY
- ORGANISATIONAL DIVERSITY = different family types have different structures/patterns. Some one partner at work, some dual-income. Increasing numbers of reconsistuted families.
- CULTURAL DIVERSITY = Different lifestyles of families in different ethinic origins and religious beliefs.
- CLASS/ECONOMIC DIVERSITY = differences between family relationships and lifestyles of working-class, middle-class and upper-class families.
- LIFE-COURSE DIVERSITY = changes for the different time of life of the family. Eg. newly married couples, couples with dependent children and couples with adult children.
- COHORT DIVERSITY = different generations/ people born at the same time may have similar experiences of family life due to common experience of wider social and historical events.
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ROBERT CHESTER (1985)
- Majority of people in Britain still live at least some part of their life in a nuclear family strucure.
- Most people want to live in a nuclear type arrangement.
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VARIATIONS IN THE NUCLEAR STRUCTURE - EXTENDED FAM
PETER WILMOTT (1980)
- Dispersed extended family is a form that is becoming more dominant in Britain.
- In times of emergency, extended kin are invaluable.
- In modern Britain kinship is largely chosen and flourishes.
DISPERSED EXTENDED FAMILIES = two or more related families who co-operate with each other even though they may live some distance apart. contact are fairly frequent.
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JULIA BRANNEN (2003)
- Agrees with Wilmott's view.
- There are strong intergenerational (between generations) links in British families.
- Because people are living longer therefore could have up to 4 generations in one family.
- Grandparents increasingly helping with childcare, divorce, lone-parenthood.
- Characterised contemporary family strucutres as a Beanpole Family.
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