Ram Narayan - Rag Bhairav

Rag Bhairav Music A2 set work 2012

HideShow resource information

Background

  • An example of North India music
  • Similar to the chamber music of the Western classical tradition - performed to a relatively small audience
  • The 'rag' is traditionally performed in the hour immediately following sunrise
  • 'Rag' - the scale and melodic content used
  • 'Tal' - refers to the rhythmic pattern used
1 of 6

Rhythm and Metre

The piece moves from slow, rhythmically free improvisation to a clear pulse and energetic rhythmic patterns

The rhythmically free section (alap) at 1-13

The jhor (14-18) is marked by a more dicernable pulse

The jhala (19 onwards) is distinquished by the presence of the tabla

- The tal is based on a tintal (16-beat) rhythmic cycle, subdivided into four vibhags of four beats each.

- Shorter note values

- Triplets

- 'Irregular' groupings

- Various types of dotted rhythm

2 of 6

Melody

  • Draws on a rag with a flattened second and sixth
  • A range of three octaves
  • Improvisatory elaborations - underlying set of pitches associated with the rag
  • Frequent grace notes
  • Microtonal inflections
  • Slides
3 of 6

Harmony and Tonality

  • No real harmony - only drone provided by tampura
  • Tonality is non-functional in Western music.
  • No modulation, but a tonal gravitation is evident from the drone. The rag homes in on C, with many phrases ending on C
  • The rag is characterised by augmented 2nd interval
4 of 6

Structure

  • Opens with the alap - slow improvised section introducing the pakad/melodic cells (1-13)
  • The johr is marked by a stronger sense of pulse (14-18)
  • The jhala introduces the tabla to create a strongly marked 16-beat pulse/tintal (19 to end)

- The jhala is based on the gat (existing composition) and has an accelerating pulse, a wider melodic range and shorter note lengths

5 of 6

Texture and Timbre

  • Consists of a melodic line (sarangi) with drone accompaniment (tampura) and later in the music tabla providing percussion, involving contrasting timbres
  • Sympathetic strings on the sarangi result in the characteristic sound of this music
6 of 6

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Music resources:

See all Music resources »See all resources »