Question 2:

  • Batholith, Dyke, Sill
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  • Created by: Sarah
  • Created on: 25-01-15 15:00

Intrusive features: Q2

  • Occurs beneath the surafce
  • Large magma chambers cool - Batholith - Dartmoor, Bodmin moor
  • Weathering and erosion can cause it to expose - upland plateaux
  • Dykes - magma flows into gaps and cools vetically - isle of arran
  • Sills - magma cools horizontally - Scottland
  • Exposed due to weathering - Dykes - upstanding feature - waterfall
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Volcanic hazards: Q3

Two types:

  1. Primary
  2. Secondary

 

Primary:

  • Tephra: Solid material (volcanic bombs - ash) - Mt Etna, Itlay
  • Pyrochlastic flow: Very hot, charged gases, high vilocity, flows of gases and Tephra
  • Lava flow: Lava flowing - Mostly all volcanoes
  • Volcanic gases:  CO2, Hydrogen, Supher - Lake Nyos, Cameroon, 1986

Secondary:

  • Laharas: Volcanic material and mud - Mudflows - Nevado Del Reis, 1985
  • Flooding: Under ice activity melting - Iceland, 1996
  • Tsunamis: Underwater volcanoes and earthquakes, Krakatoa, 1883
  • Land slides: Falling rock or material
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Inner city: Q11

Firstpace:

  • Derelict buildings - Sense of decay and being run down, no 'get up and go'
  • Graffiti and street art - Expression of feelings and emotion, not part of the system to be able to express
  • Shutters on buildings - Unwelcome feel, crime and dangers, they live up to the name
  • Litter of streets - Affects the moods and the spirt, feeling of no hope or help

Secondpace:

  • Area of prostitution - Dont feel safe, noise and traffic pollution, dont feel like its 'home'
  • Centre of illegality - Informal sector for criminals, role models to live up to, dont feel secure - wont spend
  • 'Forgotten' district - no investment, no motivation to improve the system, feel left behind
  • Migrant magnet - new migrants go here, cheapness, cause of friction, cultural divide
  • 'No-go' area - avoided by the rich, sectioned away from the rest of society

 

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Gentrification: Q12

Process:
  • Old run down housing areas become disirable once again
  • They are physcially and socially upgraded
  • Groups of proffesionals such as Lawyers, Doctors and Teachers are attracted by style of housing
  • Mainly victorian terraces
  • Also attracted by access to CBD
  • They move in and renovate the property

What happens:

  • Propertys become sought after
  • social composition changes gradually
  • local services start to increase, bars resturaunts, boutiques

Why?:

  • Residents are more interested in the governing/politics
  • addition of street furniture

 

 

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Manchester city redevelopment: Q13

Manchester city centre redevelopment programme:

How:

  • City invested in a new large indoor 'all weather' shopping mall
  • redeveloped in 1996 after IRA bombings
  • Numerous focal points
  • Biggest M&S in Europe
  • Flagship stores : Selfridges, Harvey Nichols
  • Lesiure facilities: Printworks, bars, clubs, resturants, and Hard rock cafe

What else:

  • New landscaping : Several public spaces
  • Picadilly gardens
  • Exchange square
  • Public events
  • Oldest buildings - Old wellington inn and Sinclairs ouster bar moved to create Shambles square 1999

 

 

 

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Grouping of Nations: Q23

What:

  • Countries opting into and out of groups for certain privledges
  • E.G: EU

Trade:

  • Hugley improtant
  • Formation of relations
  • Developing nations
  • Mainly due to Globalistaion
  • A reason for GON

Examples:

  • EU, NAFTA, UN
  • Trade
  • Peace - EU

 

 

 

 

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Pos + Neg: Q23

Positive:

  • Greater peace - EU - WW2
  • Trade barrier reduced
  • Overall democratic function - Common Agriculture Policy - EU
  • Remote region support - Mayo - Road building
  • Common currency  Simplify transaction - EU
  • Moving freely - Work - EU
  • Bigger representitives

Negatives:

  • Loss of sovreignity - 70% UK laws made in Brussels
  • Loss of financal control - European banks
  • pressure to adopt legislations  European court of human rights
  • Economic sectors damaged - Fishing - UK - France
  • Elites hold power - USA - NAFTA
  • Sepratist movemnt - Scottland
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add on

  • traffic calming measures
  • Islington, late 1990's

But:

  • The area may still be classed as deprived
  • Shows the gap between new residents and old
  • This may cause friction
  • Inner city school fail to see improvements, as new would go to private schools (Harbourne)
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How do they help:

  • Trade barriers - Devloping countries

Consequnces:

  1. Possitive
  2. Negative

 

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qq

What now:

  • Several events are held such as : Christmas markets, and Spinningfields ice rink
  • The Northern quatre is regarded as the city centres hub
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