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  • Created by: abby
  • Created on: 04-04-11 16:50

learning theory

Classical Conditioning- food (unconditioned stimulus) produces a sense of pleasure (unconditioned response). The food becomes associated with the person doing the feeding, who then becomes a conditioned stimulus, also producing a sense of pleasure.

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Operant Conditioning- the hungry infant feels uncomfortable, which creates discomfort. Being fed reduces the discomfort. This is rewarding and the infant learns that food is a reward or a primary reinforcer.

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learning theory

Evaluation: Schaffer and Emerson found that fewer than half of the infants they studied developed a primary attachment to the person who usually feeds them.

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Evolutionary approach - Bowlbys theory

Attachment behaviour promotes survival because it ensures safety and food for the offspring.

Bowlby claimed that if attachement does not take place before the age of 2 1/2, then it is much more difficult thereafter.

Infants are born with social releasers such as crying and smiling, and they have cute faces which elicit care-giving.

ainsworth et al - secure attachments are the result of mothers being responsive to childrens needs

monotropy - infants need one special attachment relationship. This primary attachment forms with the individual who has offered sensitive repsonses.

The internal working model - the infant relates their relationship with the primary attachment figure with other relationships later in life

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evaluation of evolutionary theory

This theory has had an enormous effect on peoples lives, in particular the care if children

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