The Five purposes of Punishment
Retribution - making the criminal pay.
Deterrence - a warning to other potential criminals.
Protection - to look after the interests of law abiding citizens.
Reformation - giving the criminal the opportunity to change.
Vindication - a way of showing what society finds acceptable or unacceptable.
Christian beliefs about the treatment of criminals
- Christianity teaches forgiveness for wrongdoings.
- Wrongdoing still has to be punished to pay for the damage done.
- Prisoners should be given a chance to reform and start afresh on their release.
- Jesus told his followers to care for both the weak and prisoners.
- Criminals and victims must both be cared for.
- In 2004, the Catholic Church called for reform of prisons, including giving prisoners the right to vote.
- The Church of England often has chaplains in prisons to support the criminals and their families.
- The Catholic Church and Church of England support the idea of restorative justice.