1870 - start of our period Public Opinion
Propaganda - Jingoism (Major Patriotism) - Music halls, Comics, Literature, poems (Henty Kipling
But not all public backed imperialism
Middle Class main backers - economic links, " White man's burden" - linked to missionaary work
Liberals - divided with the leader Gladstone opposed while Rosebury & Chamberlain supported
Conservatives backed including leader Disreli
Working Class join army - don't necessarily back imperialism but looking for better life & security
Empire - cheap food stuffs
1902 - Boer War
Change with boer war - poor publicity from concentration camps - reduces support for colonalism.
Still propaganda - esp, Schools
Pro-imperial candidates defeated in working class areas
Labour - Opposes
Liberal - Membership divided - Leader backed
Conservatives - Pro imperialism
1918 - End of WW1
Changing attitudes to colonialism in India from British public esp. after Armristar Massacre.
Rise of nationalism - rise in Gandhi - is a sympathetic character - when he comes to Britain - greeted by the king and had tea with him, met primeminister, and was also greeted and welcome when he visited mill towns (even though his actions were damaging their business.
British public sympathetic along with leading class and politicians to indian independence but opposed by conservaties & Churchill
Gandhi met Ramsey McDonald
Africa - lack of interest from British public (lack of independence movement because of peace)
1945 - End of WW2
Focus from British public on rebuilding UK after war - money on building the NHS
Want taxes to be spent on British public
Get out of India because of cost, desire to get troops home & not fight a civil war.
Labour in power - commited to decolonising India but churchill (Conservaties) was opposed.
Labour hoped to make money out of Africa to make it worthwhile staying but it failed.
Spend money at home and get troops out of africa
1st time - Conservaties (Macmillian argues the empire wasn't worth keeping due to the cost benefit analysis (1957)
1956 - Suez Canal crisis
Public opinion sees British weakness - gradual change in backing decolonisation
1st time the conservatives back decolonisation as the result of the cost benefit analysis
Politically - european links are established - devgelopment of the commonwealth and the EEC
To make people feel theirs a link with ex colonies.
Political allaince to USA - through NATO
1975- Referendum on EEC - 70% vote yes