Psychosexual Stages of Development

Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development

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  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 08-05-10 13:34

Oral Stage 0-1 ages

  • Pleasure- through the mouth
  • Personality structure-enjoyment of food and drink, dependance helplessness and acceptance
  • dominated by Id- agression- biting then verbal aggression,e.g. sarcasm
  • Fixation cause: too little or too much oral dependancy or trauma such as seperation from carer or early weaning
  • Adult personality types:
  • Too little- pessimistic, aggressive, depressed, selfish, uncaring, untrusting of people-trouble forming relationships and see others as objects to satisfy. Sarcastic,smoke, drink and eat too much
  • Too much- easily fooled, big headed,dependent on others,unable to make decisions
  • right amount: optimistic, cheerful and enjoying others company
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Anal Stage 2-3 ages

  • Pleasure: the ****
  • Personality Structure: ego- aware of independance but affected by the demands of others
  • Fixation cause: irregular potty training, restriction of child's freedom to go to the toliet, if Id dominates ego
  • Adult personality types:
  • Lack of freedom to go to the toliet: stuborness, ordelyness, ungenerous, sadistic, miserable, tidy/clean
  • Pleasure getting rid of faeces: over generous, messy, always agree with others, stubborness.
  • Likes pottery- mimiks playing with faeces
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Phallic Stage 3-6 ages

  • Pleasure: genitals
  • Personality structure: child aware of the 3 way relationship between itself and parents (Oedipus Complex), superego-know right from wrong,how boys and girls should behave (identification)
  • Fixation causes: failure to resolve Oedipus Complex, an over or under developed superego, parents refusal to accept phallic stage
  • Adult personality types:
  • feeling excessivley guilty, or not at all, being sexually repressed or obssessed, unreasonable, big headed, obsessed with power, uncaring, dominat in realtionships
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Latency Stage- 6-11 years

  • Pleasure- none- calm period, genitals but not associated with sex
  • Personality structure: all 3 aspects of personality have developed, libido channeled into school and sports, loss of interest in the opposite sex
  • Fixation causes: period of calm in childhood if Oedipus Complex is resolved
  • Adult personality: may have trouble with the opposite sex if they do not pass through phallic stage correctly, 3 personalities competing all the time
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Genital Stage 11+ ages

  • Pleasure- genitals
  • Personality structure: strive to be independant from parents, all 3 aspects of personality, more aware of practice and meeting all their demands
  • Fixations cause: if there are fixations in previous stages, difficulty relating to the opposite sex
  • Adult personality types:
  • frustrated as libido wants sex but society doesn't
  • selfish, shy, immature, trouble forming relationships
  • If successful: child emerges with an adult perception of mature relationships.
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Evaluation

Stengths

  • Freud is right our family and early years affect our development. Correct themes of dependancy, seperation and rivalry are important in childhood development- Massie and Szajnberg (2002)- childhood trauma linked to mental health problems
  • 
  • Psychoanalysis has an answer for everthing and cannot be proved wrong- it is non- falsifiable
  • strong support for anal and oral personality types- Huprich et al (2004)- orality and types of crime, Matby and Price (1999)- ananlity and political conservatism, Kline (1968)- strictness of potty training and anal fixation personality types
  • 
  • Case study of Little Hans- psychosexual stages particualy phallic and latency
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Evaluation

Weaknesses

  • research is not replicable so research not reliable
  • 
  • impossible to scientifically test so less valid and credible
  • Oedipus complex theory (phallic stage) has no impact on development for gay and single parent families. Golombok (2000)- no evidence that non standard families cause development problems from the Oedipus Complex
  • theory was not based on studying children but patients dreams, free associations and memories. Less valid- not scientifically observed
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Comments

annie

The notes are ok, there are a few spelling mistakes though

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