Loftus And Palmer
Aim: Does the critical word change a persons subsequent memory of the event.
Participants: 150 students who where later divided into 3 groups
Procedure: The participants where shown a film of a car accident. In each group they were asked different questions about the clip
- Group 1 where asked "How fast were the cars going when they smashed into each other?"
- Group 2 where asked "How fast were the cars going when they hit each other?"
- Group 3 werent asked any questions about the speed of the cars
A week later the participants were asked to return and got asked the question of "Did you see any broken glass?" There was no broken glass in the clip of the car accident.
Results: People in the smashed condition predicted higher speed of cars compared to the hit condition. Also more people in the smashed condition remembered seeing broken glass compared to the other conditions. So the faster the participants think the cars go the more likely to say there was broken glass.