Psychology- Stress Key Terms

Key terms needed for biological psychology

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  • Created by: Shauni
  • Created on: 24-05-12 23:47

Stress:

lack of balance between the perceived demands and perceieved abilities to cope with such stress demands

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Stressors:

internal and external sources of stress

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Sympathomedullary Pathway:

bodily system responding to acute, short-term stressors, comprised of the sympathetic nervous system and the sympathetic adrenal medullary system

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Pituitary-adrenal System:

bodily system responding to chronic, long-term stressors, comprised of the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland and the adrenal glands

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Immune System:

bodily system that defends against disease

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Cardiovascular Disorders:

disorders of the heart and blood vessels

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Life Changes:

occasional events incurring major adjustments to lifestyle

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Daily Hassles:

everyday irritations that produce an overall elevated level of stress

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Workplace Stressors:

aspects of the work environment which have a negative impact on health

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Personality Types:

broad characterisations describing categories of people sharing similar characteristics

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Type A Personality:

personality type characterised by time urgency, excessive competitveness and generalised hostility, incurring risk of heart disease

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Type B Personality:

healthy personality type characterised by non-competitiveness, self-confidence and relaxation

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Type C Personality:

personaliyt type characterised by suppression of negative emotions, incurring risk of cancer

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Type D Personality:

personality type characterised by distress, gloom, worry and lack of sociability, incurring risk of heart attacks

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Hardiness:

healthy personality type characterised by control, commitment and self-improvement

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Coping Strategies:

methods of adapting to stress involving cognitive and behavioural efforts to meet external and/or internal demands

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Emotion-focused Strategies:

methods of coping that make individuals feel positive about stressful situations

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Problem-focused Strategies:

methods of coping that directly confront negative effects of stress

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Stress Management:

physiological and psychological methods of reducing the negative effects of stress

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Benzodiazepines:

anti-anxiety drugs that dampen down the activity of the nervous system, creating a sensation of calm and relaxation

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Beta-blockers:

anti-anxiety drugs that block the transmission of nerve impulses, to reduce heart rate and alleviate the physical effects of stress

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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy:

psychological means of stress management based on replacing irrational, maladaptive thought processes with rational, adaptive ones

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Stress Inoculation Treatment:

type of cognitive behavioural therapy that cognitively restructures emotional and behavioural responses

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