Kobasa and Maddi - Control, challenge and commitment.
Kobasa - Hardy executives were less likely to be ill related to stress
Maddi et al - Hardiness attributes in thriving employees.
Lifton - Hardy students more likely to graduate.
Type A and B personalities
- Respond to stress impatiently and with hostility.
- Friedmann and Rosemann, Type A's far more likely to suffer from fatal heart attacks
- More relaxed
- Decreased risk of stress related illness
- Marmot et al found no link between workload and stress related illness.
- Johansson et al. High levels of workload and reptitive tasks associated with high levels of stress.
- Marmot found low job control linked to stress in civil service study.
- Schaubroeck et al. Some workers are lessed when they have no control.
- Bouteyre et al. Positive correlation inbetween HSUP and depression in undergraduates
- Gervais Uplifts of a job counteract its hassles, when nurses interviewed.
- Less social support for daily hassles.
- Rahe, Positive correlation inbetween LCU's and illness.
- Michael and Ben-Zur Divorced and Bereaved different experiences.
The Immune system
- Kiecolt and Glaser. They showed that both short term and long term stress had an effect on the immune system.
- Marucha - When stressed wounds heal slower.
-Malarkey - Marital conflicts lead to poorer immune system functioning