Psychology Revision

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Bowlby's Theory of Attachment

  • Attachment: Monotrophy with one PCG - In the Critical Period; Birth to 18/24 months

Shown in:

  • Seperation Anxiety
  • Proximity Seeking
  • Fear of Strangers
  • Happiness of Reunion

Heightened by Social Releasers

Leads to the Internal Working Model: A Prototype for future relationships

  • Trustworthy Model
  • Value Themselves
  • Effective interactions

Evolutionary Theory - in Animals it is seen as imprinting

If Critical Period is broken it leads to the Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis, consequences are:

  • Affectionless Psychopathy
  • Developmental Retardation - leads to increased aggression, lower IQ, delinquency and depression.
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