Psychology - Models of memory

An example of how the multi-store model of memory and the working model of memory works, with strengths and weaknesses

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  • Created by: Heidi
  • Created on: 10-04-11 13:19

Models of memory - Multistore model of memory

Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968)  

                                                                                  Semantic

Incoming stimuli --> sensory memory --> STM --> LTM

                       Decay                Decay, Info lost unless rehearsed, acoustic / visual 

EVIDENCE BY BRAIN DAMAGED PEOPLE

SEPERATE STORES SUPPORTED BY GLANZER AND CUNITZ (1966)

TOO SIMPLE

REHEARSAL = NOT ONLY WAY FROM STM --> LTM

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Models of memory - Working model of memory

Baddeley and Hitch (1974)                             controls info.

                                                       Central executive

          Visuo spatial scratch pad /   Episodic buffer /  Phonological loop

          Mental images (visual)         - Temporary storage    -Acoustic but not for long

                                                       - Episodic                    -Articulatory - goes                                                                                                    around head (inner voice)

EFFECTIVE AND EXPLAINS

EVIDENCE OF PHONOLOGICAL LOOP BY BADDELEY ET AL

LITTLE KNOWN ABOUT CENTRAL EXECUTIVE

STM + LTM BUT NO LINK / LACK OF INFO

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