Psychology - Memory Key Terms

Key terms for:

models of memory

memory in everyday life

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Shauni
  • Created on: 18-05-12 16:17

Encoding:

the means by which information is represented in memory

1 of 26

Storage:

the retention of information in memory

2 of 26

Capacity:

the amount of information that can be stored at a given time

3 of 26

Sensory Memory:

a short-duration store holding the impressions of sensory information

4 of 26

Short-term Memory:

a temporary store holding small amounts of information for brief periods

5 of 26

Duration:

the length of time information remains in storage

6 of 26

Long-term Memory:

a permanent store holding limitless amounts of information for long periods

7 of 26

Chunking:

grouping information in short-term memory into larger units to increase capacity

8 of 26

Central Executive:

oversees and coordinates the components of working memory

9 of 26

Phonological Loop:

deals with auditory information

10 of 26

Visuo-spatial Sketchpad:

deals with visual and spatial items

11 of 26

Phonological Store:

stores words heard

12 of 26

Atriculatory Process:

allows sub-vocal repetition of information in the phonological loop

13 of 26

Primary Acoustic Store:

stores recently heard speech or sound

14 of 26

Visual Cache:

stores visual material about form and colour

15 of 26

Inner Scribe:

stores information about spatial relationships

16 of 26

Episodic Buffer:

stores integrated information from the central executive, phonological loop, visuo-spatial sketchpad and long-term memory

17 of 26

Misleading Information:

information that suggests a desired answer

18 of 26

Retrieval:

the extraction of stored information

19 of 26

Eyewitness Testimony:

evidence provided by witnesses to a crime

20 of 26

Anxiety:

an unpleasant state of emotional arousal

21 of 26

Cognitive Interview:

a procedure for police interviews of witnesses to facilitate accurate, detailed recall

22 of 26

Enhanced Cognitive Interview:

an advanced method of interviewing witnesses to overcome problems caused by innapropriate sequencing of questions

23 of 26

Retrieval Cues:

prompts that trigger recall

24 of 26

Mnemonics:

various techniques facilitating recall

25 of 26

Active Processing:

subjecting information to deep and meaningful analysis

26 of 26

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Memory resources »