Psychology Cognitive: P1

  • Memory
  • Perception
  • Eye witness testimony (EWT)
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Main topics:

  • Memory.
  • Perception.
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Concepts:

  • Depth Cues.
  • Texture/ Gradient Cues.
  • Short term memory (STM).
  • Long term memory (LTM).
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Assumptions:

  • Computer analogy.
  • Information processing (multistore model),
  • Studying thinking.
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Theories;

  • Multi-store Model- human memory has three stages of processing e.g. Sensory memory, Short Term memory and Long term memory.
  • Theories of Forgetting- some things are forgotten because they are not relevant or cannot be remembered.
  • Gibson`s direct theory of perception- texture gradient the way we perceive and see things.
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Methodology:

  • Laboratory Experiments.
  • Field Experiments.
  • Case studies.
  • cross-cultural studies.
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Application:

  • Eye Witness testimony - Loftus and Palmer.
  • Organising/ improving memory
  • Cognitive therapy.
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Studies:

  • Deregowski - Cross-cultural studies.
  • Bartlett- War of ghost.
  • Loftus and Palmer - Eye Witness Testimony.
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