Psychology AS Day Care (case study)


Day Care - on agression NCID STUDY

  • 1000 children, 10 different location, diverse families
  • longitudunal study
  • Age 5 - the time a child spent in day care (any quality) the more they were rated as asseertive, disobiedient and aggresive
  • full time day care - 3 times more likely to show behav probs
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Day Care - on agression Violata & Russel

  • meta analysis - 88 studies
  • regular day care for than 20 hours per week had a negative effect on socio-emotional dev, behav, & attachment of young children
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Day Care + on agression EPPE project - sylva et al

  • 150 children
  • those in day care were consistently more advanced in their social dev
  • link with Brown & Harris(1988)?? depressed women claimed that the cause was being at home with their children all day. what effect would this have on the children?
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Day Care + on agression Clark Stewart

  • 3000 children, UK, various pre-school educational settings
  • longitudinal study
  • found increased independence & socialbility in children who attended day care

+ more recent study , therefore more reliable

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Day Care - Peer Relation SCRAFE ET AL

  • Minnesota - America
  • Longitudinal
  • Securely attached = better peer relations
  • conclude securley attached infants go on to be more popular BUT children in day care are less likely to be securely attached
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Day Care + Peer Relation Field (1991)

The amount of time spent in all time day care was positively correlated to the number of friends the child had.

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Day Care - on Social Dev. Belsky

  • Used strange situation technique
  • 464 young ppts in this study
  • Observed how the ppts who were in day care responded to the mother leaving
  • hHgher percentage of children in day care dev insecure attachments than those who stayed at home
  • However, Belsky found no negative effects on attachment if day care had started after the child was one
  • Concluded that day care can have negative effects on childrens relationships and social dev if they start before the age of one
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Day Care + on Social Dev. Shea

  • To examine the positive effects of day acre on a child's social dev.
  • Shea videotaped 3&4 children in a playground during thier first 10 weeks of nursery school
  • He assesed the childrens level of sociability using 5 criteria: Agression, rough and tumble play, frequency of peer interation, distance from teacher, distance from nearest child .
  • and found that:
  • children became increasingly social overtime
  • decrease in the distance from the teacher
  • decrease in aggresion
  • increase in rough and tumble play
  • increse in peer interactions
  • increase in the social dev. were greater in those who attended 5 days a week, suggesting day care increases the rate of social dev.
  • Shea concluded that day care at a nursery has a positive effect on a child's social dev.


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