Childhood: Parent-Child Relations
- Adult romantic love is a product of childhood attachement (refer to AS psychology), caregiving and sexuality systems from infancy.
- Abuse and or neglect may lead to a attachment disorder making it difficult for the individual to create and sustain healthy relationships.
Attachement: Relationships are a continuation of attachement styles later on in life.
Caregiving: Appropriate behaviour is learned through modelling.
Sexuality Systems: Dependant upon your attachement type as a child may lead to varied views on sex and love.
- Fraley's Meta-Analysis: Showed a link between attachement type and future relationships.
- Simpson et al.: Emotional styles in adulthood can be traced back to infancy.
- Berenson and Anderson: Abused children have a difficult time developing adult relationships due to their previous experiences.
Childhood: Interaction with Peers
- Childhood friendships are the point where individuals start to learn about relationships and develop a sense of their own value from interacting with close friends.
- Adolescent relationships allow separation form parents and development of sexual and emotional intimacy through dating.
- Research supports gender differences in childhood relationships; in this case girls are more intimate and caring (Later being Mate Choice) whereas boys are more competitive (Later being Mate Competition).
- Negative effects of early dating include:
- Lack of Achievement
(However findings for this are inconsistant and do not have a casual relationship.)
Culture: Western and Non-Western Relationships
- Western relationships are more voluntary and selective where as non-western are less so.
- Western culture emphasises freedom and individualistic choice.
- Non-Western cultures show the importance of family and grouping in decisions.
- The importance of love is more singificant in western cultures as they are not likely to marry in the absence of love and emotion.
- Lonelieness is more likely to occur in Western Culture in the absence of romance.
- Moore and Leung found that there were incredibly different views between Australian and Chinese students in relation to romantic love.
- Arranged marriages seem to work well with love between both partners and low divorce rates.
- However a chinese study found that women who had married for love were happier than those who had opted into an arranged marriage.
- IDA: Human romantic love is 'universal' and has evolved to promote survival and reproduction.
- Change from permananent to temporary relationships due to urbanisation rather than cultural differences between western and non-western.