Psychology

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  • Created by: Tiffany
  • Created on: 23-04-12 09:14

Classical Conditioning

 

Classical conditioning refers to the process of learning through association (stimulus-response learning). It works by building up an association between two stimuli to create a learned response.

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Classical Conditioning

  It works by building up an association between two stimuli to create a learned response.

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Main features of classcial conditioning

Uncondtioned stimulus UCS - Unconditioned response UCR

Neutral stimulus NS - No response

Neutral stimulus NS + Unconditioned Stimulus UCS - Unconditioned respose UCR 

Conditionioned stimulus CS - Conditioned Response CR

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ucr to ucr

1.Unconditioned Stimulus UCS e.g. biscuits à Unconditioned response UCR e.g. mouth watering

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NS to NR

1.Neutral stimulus UCR e.g. cup of tea à no response e.g.normal/average state

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ns plus ucr to ucr

Neutral stimulus NS e.g. cup of tea + unconditioned stimulus UCS e.g. biscuits à Unconditioned response e.g. mouth watering

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CS to CR

1.Conditioned stimulus CS e.g. cup of tea à Conditioned response CR e.g. mouth watering

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Study that supports classical conditioning

Pavlov's dogs

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Pavlov's dogs

 Pavlov conducted a series of experiments to investigate whether a bell could induce salivation by associating the bell with food.   The food UCS and the bell NS were paired on a number of occasions, then the bell was presented alone. Pavlov found that the dog salivated at the sound of a bell, which had become a conditioned stimulus CS which produced the learnt response of salivation CR

 

 

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