Psychology Formation Of Relationships

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Formation of relatioships- 1

What is a relationship?Types of relationships- friendships, romantic relationships, biological(e.g. sibling)          FORMATION- 3 reasons: (1)Sociobiological expanation of attarction, (2)Matching Hypothesis & (3)Social Exchange Theory 

(1) socibiology- Behaviour= Adaptive     Attraction= behaviour-----pass on genes

Men- young & fertile     Women= Old & Resorces ------------ Physically Attractive= Healthy

PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS- attractive traits= good health-Bear children & Provide Resources

LANGOIS ET AL- Symmetrical faces= healthy 

Henderson & Anglin- Beauty, yearbooks- live longer(better links)

RELATIVE AGE AND FINANCIAL PROSPECTS (beauty and age interlinked)                             BUSS- 37 CULTURES------diferences in age prefernces    Men- 2.66 younger  Women- 3.42 older  SUPPORT- Adaptive behaviour      BUT Kindness & Intelligence----- HOWARD ET AL -culture      Historically bias, female carrer paths changed 

+ good expnation of why certain facial features are attarctive

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Formation of relationships- 2

- not expalin all relationships, not consider role of culture, people with genetic disoredrs cannot find partner                                                                                                         IMPLICATIONS: DETERMINSITIC, who we choose is determined by evolution, deminished free will, ignores individual differences

(2) Matching Hypothesis----------Similar levels of attarction (fear of rejection, insecurity)                    Attractive traits-    men= strong jawline, muscles      women= full lips, cheekbones                        WALSTER- Blind date, attractivenes  only significant predictor - Not long term                            follow up- similar levels for long term- SUPPORT  NOT just physical attarctiveness- intelligence e.g. Marylin Monroe & Arthur Miller                                                                                                      SUPPORT: MURSTEIN- Physical attractiveness similar in marrige and going out                               + attraction in ways other than physical attractivess e.g. intelligence                                                   - Individual differences, TOWHEY- photos, macho scale, challnges matching hypothesis, physical attractiveness only impotant at start of relationship                                                                               IMPLICATIONS: REDUCTIONIST- over simplification no complete explanation, validating how people look

(3) Socail Exchange Theory--------"economic"      THIBAUT & KELLEY: Proposed, cost-benefit ratio costs and benefits- outwiegh= relationship over 

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Formation of relationships- 3

THIBAUT & KELLEY: 4 stages- Sampling, Bargaining, Commitment, Institutionalism                        Look back at previous relationships                                                                                                      - difficault to quantify rewards & costs, people always losing out if theory was coorect- no relationships would ever form, HATFILED- Equity theory

GENERAL CONCLUSIONS: Explain why relationships form but not why people stay committed to the, do not have a full understanding of realtionships, all approaches are reductionsit and deterministic, can only explain romantic relationships as this is what most of the studies revolve around.

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