PSYCHOLOGICAL EXPLANATION OF ANOREXIA

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  • Created by: Laura B
  • Created on: 08-06-15 19:04

OPERANT CONDITIONING

  • Suggests AN is reinforced through pos and neg reinforcement 
  • POS: compliments 
  • NEG: getting rid of anxiety about gaining weight  
  • It's also thought AN is adopted through vicarious reinforcement
  • People may develop AN by observing an imitating the behaviour of someone they may see as a role model 
  • Indivi may observe the pos consquences of someone losing weight and begin doing it themselves suggesting AN is a learnt behaviour 
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CULTURE AO1

  • Suggests culture can also be used to explain why some people develop AN
  • Research has suggested that AN is more likely to occur in cultures that are more judgemental about self apperance 
  • Studies have suggeted that particualrly teenage girls are dissatisfied with the way they look
  • These often occur in cultures where role models in the media are portrayed as thin which youn girls may aspire to be like
  • herefore suggesting cultrue can reinforce weight lose leading to AN 
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MEDIA AO1

  • Thought media was to play a role in the development in AN 
  • In many cultures the media presents thin women as the ideal body shape
  • It's believed that girls  in particualr internalise these cultural standards of beauty and create tensions betwen ideal self and real self 
  • This can led to dissatisfaction with the body leading to AN
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IDAS

REDUCTIONISM 

DETERMINISM 

GENDER BIAS 

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HOEK AO2

  • Supported that culture was influencial in AN 
  • Looked at both black and white inhabitants on their opnions of body shape in Curaco 
  • Blacks were seen to have lower levelsof AN than whites
  • Suggests culture does influnce AN as white women are seen to be more dissatisfied with their body as they aspire to westernised images 

AO3 - POP VALIDITY 

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GROESZ AO2

  • Did a meta-analysis of 25 studies
  • Found dissatifaction in body weight occuring after exposure to media if they don't have the idela body
  • Media does influence AN developemnt 
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BECKER AO2

  • FIJI STUDY - LOOKED AT THE INFLUENCE OF EATING BEHAVIOUR BEFORE AND AFTER THE INTRODUCTIONISM OF WESTERN INFLUENCES 
  • AFTER 5YEARS THE RATE OF WOMEN WITH AN INCREASED
  • IS SIGNIFICANT 
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