Psychological Defence Mechanisms

Part of the psychodynamic model of abnormality

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  • Created by: Daisy
  • Created on: 08-05-12 20:44

REPRESSION

Pushing material out of consciousness

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Repression - development

  • Is the most significant of the mechanisms


  • Threatening impulses are repressed into the unconscious: they don't disappear but the individual is unaware of them. However, they can emerge as symtoms of anxiety or other problems.
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REGRESSION

Reverting back to childhood

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REACTION FORMATION

Reacting in the opposite way to real emotions

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SUBLIMATION

Channel into socially acceptable behaviour

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PROJECTION

Projecting own shortcomings onto others

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DENIAL

Refusing to accept it happened

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Denial - development

  • When an individual, child or adult, refuses to accept that a particular incident has happened


  • EG, the surviving partner of a long and happy marriage may continue to act as though their husband or wife was still alive
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DISPLACEMENT

Anger displaced onto a more acceptable target

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INTELLECTUALISATION

Removing emotional development

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