Psychodynamic approach

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  • Created by: Nadia
  • Created on: 03-06-13 22:17

First assumption

Unresolved conflict - If conflicts between the id, the ego and the super ego are not resolved properly or if people do not progress though the development stages successfully they will have problems

ID - Desires/ needs - the instincts people are born with. Could be expressed in destructiveness/immorality resulting in disorders/abnormal behaviour in adult life
EGO - controls id and super ego. If the ego is weakened the id/superego may dominate
SUPER EGO - This is developed when people learn moral standards/expectations. Right/wrong. If too powerful it restricts the id so prevents social pleasures which would cause neurosis. Symptoms of phobias/obsessions.

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Psychosexual stages

Acronym - Old Age Pensioners Love Greens
O- Oral stage (0-18 months) Pleasure gained from sucking/eating --> Abnormality if stage not completed correctly = may become anorexic or over eat, also chewing on things
A- Anal stage (18-36 months) Pleasure gained from bowel/bladder control --> Abnormality if stage not completed correctly = may become really tidy (OCD) or messy
P- Phallic stage (3-6 years) = Oedipus/electra complec e.g Little Hans --> Abnormality if stage not completed successfully = May have future strange sexual desires
L- Latency stage (6-puberty) Focus' on social rather than psychosexual development --> Abnormality if stage not completed successfully = May become a-sexual or too much sex drive
G- Genital stage (puberty-onwards) If experiences in early stages are resolved, you'll have great pleasures from mature relationships

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Mechanisms

Freud believed that our unconscious mind could affect our behaviour. Defence mechanisms are a way that we subconsciounsly protect our ego. It can lead to abnormal behaviour
3 examples of mechanisms...
*Repression ~ Prevents unacceptable desires, motivations or emotions from becoming conscious. Makes them unconscious so we are unaware of them. They do not disappear, they remain influencing our behaviour and may cause emotional difficulties. E.g someone placid who acts violently but has no recollection of doing so
*Denial ~ Refuse to believe events or admitiing to emotions. For example, an alcoholic may deny their need for alcohol
*Sublimation ~ Diverting emotion onto something else. Defence mechanism encouraged in society. E.g playing vigarous sport as an expression of aggression

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