1) Arranged Marriages-Relationships-Psychology
Outline the stages of an arranged marriage.
Give the characteristics of an arranged marriage.
What did Batabyal suggest?
1) Choosing a range of possible candidates by well wishers. Chosen on the basis of family and economics.
2) Presented to the person wishing to marry. (The agent)
3)The agent has a lot of choice and can refuse.
4) Well wishers then seek agents of a higher quality.
Arranged marriages: Obligatory, permanent, collectivist (seen as an alliance between 2 families)
Batabyal- Decisions best made by well wishers as young people are unlikely to make the right choice when choosing a life time partner as they are likely to choose on the basis of attraction.
2) Arranged Marriages-Collectivist Cultures- Relat
Outline studies into the success of an arranged marriage in collectivist cultures?
China- women more satisfied in love marriage.
Gupta & Singh- asked 100 degree educated Indians (50 from each marriage type) to rate the liking and love for each other after 1, 5, 10 years of marriage.
Arranged: Love and liking low at first, but then increased with time.
Love: Love and liking decreased after time.
Umodri et al- Compared preferances in Indian students from professional and non professional backgrounds.
Findings: Both happy with an arranged marriage with the consent from both parties. Both also happy with a love marriage with parent's approval.
3) Arranged Marriages in Individualistic Cultures?
What is meant by acculturation and acculturative stress?
Outline a study into arranged marriages in 2nd and 3rd generation migrants.
Outline the choices faced by 2nd and 3rd generation migrants in terms culture.
Opinions of arranged marriages in Western cultures differs to that of collectivist cultures. So migrants from collectivist cultures to Westernised cultures face a series of changes in terms of views on marriage.
- People migrating are rapidly exposed to the views of other cultures.
- Acculturation- the process of internalising the views of other cultures.
- Acculturative Stress- Differences in values between home and dominant culture.
Research into marital preferences in 2nd and 3rd generation immigrants:
Study on Pakistani Muslim Women raised in Canada.
- Participants- 16-30 single, were interviewed.
- Most favoured Western marriage practices (greater level of choice)
- Fathers resistant to change.
- Demonstrates the importance of studying arranged marriages in Westernised cultures.
- Demonstrates the relationship choices faced by 2nd and 3rd generation migrants:
1) Integration: Keeps home culture values, relates to dominant culture.
2) Assimilation: Give up home culture, takes on views of dominant culture.
3) Separation: Keeps home culture, does not take on views of dominant culture.
4) Marginalisation: Gives up home culture, fails to take on views of dominant culture.
4) The Dowry System
What is meant by the term 'dowry'?
Outline a research study into dowry.
In some parts of the world, relationships take place within the context of negotiation and economic transition.
Dowry: (money or property brought by a woman to her husband at marriage)
Nearly 2/3 of 4,000 women disapprove of the dowry system.
Dowry still widespread in Bihar, India despite modernisation.