Protest, Law and Order

A summary of the 4 key topics.

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  • Created by: Emily
  • Created on: 11-06-12 19:27


Who? Suffragists = Peaceful, led by Milicant Fawcett

          Suffragettes = Violent, led by Emilene Pankhurst

What? A demand for the right to vote in elections!

When? 1903 - 1918  (1910- black friday + 1913- cat and mouse act)

Why? The women thought it was an unfair system, they wanted the same rights as men because they had positions similar to men if not higher and felt they should have the right to vote.

How? Peaceful = petitions, letters, leaflets and demonstrations

          Violent = arson, vandalism, storming parliament, chained to railings

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General Strike

Who? Miners, trade unions, the government

What? A protest against the increase in working hours and reduction in pay. It was seen as a revolution to government, worries of communism.

When? 1926 (1925- Red Friday = 9 month government subsidy)


Why? Mine owners were losing profit to overseas production, during WW1 government subsidised mines and wanted to take this money back.

How? All workers to strike apart from public health, and food workers. Strikers tried to control all transport in local areas. Mainly peaceful so not to seem as a revolution.

Government Action... -Controlled Media, Stockpiled Resources, Recruited armed forces and divided country into clear regions.

End :)... 9 days later it was all over as the TUC felt they were losing control, didn't want to appear as a threat to government.

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Miners Strike

Who? NUM = Arthur Scargill

           Government = Margaret Thatcher

           NCB = Ian McGregor

           ........ The Miners

What? Miners went on strike over planned closure of hundreds of pits country wide. These were made by the government and enforced by the NCB.

When? 1984 - 1985  (March 1984- plans announced, March 1985- strike ENDS)

Why? Closures planned due to cost of coal, mining overseas. Scargill was determined not to be beaten as was Thatcher. But miners realised they risked losing jobs and livelihoods.

How? MINERS = No national ballot, flying pickets, NUM financial support, anti- government and police media. GOVERNMENT = stockpiled coal, fined the NUM and used police from all over the country.

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Poll Tax Protests

Who? The Public, The government, APTU

What? A public protest over changes to the rate system

When? 1990 - 1993 (1 April 1989- poll tax introduced in Scotland, 31 March- Battle of Trafalgar, 1 April 1990- introduced in England)

Why? New poll tax was deemed unfair, payments were made according to the number of people per household. Some found it expensive and could not pay.

How? APTU = set up to provide information for people about non- payment. Made people aware of how to avoid payments. Assisted people threatened by bailiffs and gave legal assistance in court.

Succession...? Media coverage. Poll tax was abolished in 1993.

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