HOW NAZIS USED PROPAGANDA
DEPARTMENTS of music , theatre ,film, literature, radio . all artists , writers , journalists & musicians had to register to get work approved ..Goebbels tried to persuade everyone that Nazis were right & stop every other message .
newspapers- decided wat wud be in them
cheap radios - controlled broadcasts
films - showed strenght of Nazis s & Hitler( film director Leni Riefenstahl)
posters- - showed evil german enemies & power of Hitler
how this works - simple ideas & repeated them constantly. easily persuaded due to depression & poverty Nazis promised them help
Nazis encourage people to hate Countries who sighned Treaty O Vers . said jews -communists big problems .
Propaganda designed to unite Germans & make them believe Nazis wud make Germany strong .
Used to change culture & society in Germany
Public Rallies-- NUREMBURG Rallies speaches
filmed by Riefenstahl "Triumph of the Will "
1 mill people attended -displays of lights - flags to greet arrival of Hitler made him look more POWERFUL
art & architecture -new building in berlin
1936 Berlin OLYMPICS-show off of german wealth & power Hitler wasc angry when
every aspect of german life controlled-School text books - germans looked successful doctrines
Strenghth through joy - programme - showed workers nazis cared about their conditions
Modern Art & theatre - banned labelled degenerate - wanted traditional values shown
german composers - Wagner celebrated - jewish&jazz attacked
ECONOMIC MIRACLE - Nazis PROMISED- gave workers & middleclass bussiness men who had suffered through the depression hope
Totalitarian State - THE GOvernment has complete control over all aspects of life .Enabling Act - Total power to Hitler
Police State -SS Schutzstaffel bodyguard to Hitler Himmler in charge of GEstapo (secret police ) who were feared for their cruelty1
1933Cocentration Camps -hold political prisoners/opposers became death campsWardens - employed locally to report disloyality gestapo arrested them
Censorship proganda / master race
25000 books burned in single night in 1933 - includes jewish writer Einstein - attracted protests
jews forbidden - to own or publish newspapers ,
Aryans - were believed to be Germans ancestors - idea came from 19th Century writers who argued Aryans were a superior RACE -Thought aryans cud be identified by measuring the shape of heads & faces.
Not Pure Aryan -THEY WERE WEAKENING PURE gERMAN PEOPLE - tHEY DID NOT BELONG .
cLEANSE ANYBODY WHO SPOILT THE PURITY -jews & Romani gypsy.
Nuremberg Laws 1935 - ideas jews were biologically different from german
1935 Nuremberg laws
stopped jews being german citzensbanned marriage between jew & non jew/banned sexual relationships
jews exiled - many sent to concentration camps400,000 people forcibly sterilisedto stop them having kids/ mixedrace people attacked & sterilised
Homesexuals -1000 s sent t centration camps
little opposition - scared of SS & GESTAPO -
People were better off- after years of hard ship chose to ignore what they didnt like
propaganda so effective- peopkle didnt get whole story- thought Nazis government knew best,
OPPONENTS -like communists had been alimenated - no alternative