Propaganda

definition - spreading information that influences how people think & behave .

a way of shaping peoples minds - giving only certain point of view & often leaves out important facts Nazis used powerful propaganda .to get support of german people

Goebbels  led by Dr JOESPH gOEBBELS  FOUNDED - MINISTRY OF PUBLIC ENLIGHTENMENT 1933.

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HOW NAZIS USED PROPAGANDA

DEPARTMENTS of music , theatre ,film, literature, radio . all artists , writers , journalists & musicians had to register to get work approved ..Goebbels tried to persuade everyone that Nazis were right & stop every other message  .

newspapers- decided wat wud be in them

cheap radios -  controlled broadcasts

films - showed strenght of Nazis s & Hitler( film director Leni Riefenstahl)

posters- - showed evil german enemies & power of Hitler

 how this works - simple ideas & repeated them constantly. easily persuaded due to depression & poverty Nazis promised them help

Nazis encourage people to hate Countries who sighned Treaty O Vers . said jews -communists big problems  .

Propaganda designed to unite Germans & make them believe Nazis wud make Germany strong .

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Used to change culture & society in Germany

Public Rallies-- NUREMBURG Rallies speaches

filmed by Riefenstahl "Triumph of the Will "

1 mill people attended -displays of lights - flags to greet arrival of Hitler made him look more POWERFUL  

art & architecture -new building in berlin

1936 Berlin OLYMPICS-show off of german wealth & power Hitler wasc angry when

every aspect of german life controlled-School text books - germans looked successful doctrines

Strenghth through joy - programme - showed workers nazis cared about their conditions  

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Modern Art & theatre - banned labelled degenerate - wanted traditional values shown

german composers - Wagner celebrated - jewish&jazz attacked

ECONOMIC MIRACLE - Nazis PROMISED- gave workers & middleclass bussiness men  who had suffered through the depression hope

Totalitarian State - THE GOvernment has complete control over all aspects of life .Enabling Act - Total power to Hitler

Police State -SS Schutzstaffel bodyguard to Hitler Himmler in charge of GEstapo (secret police ) who were feared for their cruelty1

1933Cocentration Camps -hold political prisoners/opposers became death campsWardens - employed locally to report disloyality gestapo arrested them

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Censorship proganda / master race

25000 books burned in single night in 1933 - includes jewish writer Einstein - attracted protests

jews forbidden - to own or publish newspapers ,

Aryans - were believed to be Germans ancestors - idea came from 19th Century writers who argued Aryans were a superior RACE -Thought aryans cud be identified by measuring the shape of heads & faces.

Not Pure Aryan -THEY WERE WEAKENING PURE gERMAN PEOPLE  - tHEY DID NOT BELONG .

cLEANSE ANYBODY WHO SPOILT THE PURITY -jews & Romani gypsy.

Nuremberg Laws 1935 - ideas jews were biologically different from german

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1935 Nuremberg laws

stopped jews being german citzensbanned marriage between jew & non jew/banned sexual relationships

jews exiled - many sent to concentration camps400,000 people forcibly sterilisedto stop them having kids/ mixedrace people attacked & sterilised

Homesexuals -1000 s  sent t centration camps

little opposition - scared of SS & GESTAPO -

People were better off- after years of hard ship chose to ignore what they didnt like

propaganda so effective- peopkle didnt get whole story- thought Nazis government knew best,

OPPONENTS -like communists had been alimenated - no alternative

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