The Equality Act.
Equality Act - system of redress against discrimination.
It is against the law to discriminate against anyone because of: Age, Being or becoming a transsexual person, Being married or in a civil partnership, Disability, Race including colour, nationality, ethnic or national origin, Religion, belief or lack of religion/belief, Sex, Sexual orientation. These are called 'protected characteristics' and the act makes it illegal to treat someone less favorably because of any of the above characteristics.
Where - People are protected from discrimination in these situations: At work, In education, As a consumer, When using public services, When buying or renting property, As a member or guest of a private club or association.
When - This means they are protected from direct and indirect discrimination including protection from harassment and victimisation when obtaining housing, in education, in employment on transport, by public bodies, by associations. It also protects people from discrimination by association.
Anyone can do something voluntarily to help people with a protected characteristic. This is called 'positive action.'
Taking positive action is legal if people with a protected characterstic:
Are at a disadvantage.
Have particular needs.
Are under-represented in an activity or type of work.
Why - Discrimination can come in one of the following forms:
EXAMPLE : John Terry (footballer who said racially offensive remarks to another player.)
Rochdale Paedophile Ring (groomed and abused young girls).
How - If someone is being unfairly discriminated against they can:
Complain directly to the person or organisation.
Use someone else to help your sort it out (called 'mediation' or 'alternative dispute resolution')
Make a claim in a court or tribunal.