Product Design

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Idea's fron other designers

Retro styling- basically taking designs from the 'old ages' and producing them with modern electronic  components inside.

Natural form and pattern- Major influences of product design. Patterns from nature are often used by designers

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CAM- Computer aided manufacturing & CAD- Computer

CAM relies on data known as machine code. It is numerical data which explains why the machinery used for CAM is often called CNC (computer numerical control).

CAM    Computer Aided Manufacturing this is for manufacturing

CAD   Computer Aided Design this is for designing..... 2D design

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Paper and Board

Making paper

  • Tiny chips of wood are cooked in water and chemicals to create a mushy pulp
  • The pulp is then poured over a fine mesh. As the water drains away the cellulose fibres, which are less than 1mm in length, naturally link together when they touch
  • It is then passes through a set of rollers in the paper machine to remove the remaining excess water amd thus the web of fibres become  stronger.

Board is made in the same way but to turn it from paper to board it will need several layers of pulp.

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Timber- Hardwoods and Softwoods

Timber is the name given generally for wood materials: there are 3 main types of timber:


  • These come from decidious or broad leafed trees.
  • Slow growing which tends to make them harder
  • Usually sold by the cubic meter


  • These come from coniferous trees which have needles rather than leaves
  • Grow faster and usually softer to work with

Manufacturing boards-

  • These are timber sheets which are made either gluing layers or wood fibres together
  • MDF
  • Plywood
  • Chipboard
  • Hardboard
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Ferrous Metals- Mostly consist of iron and small quantites of other elements and metals. Ferrous metals are prone to rusting if exposed to moisture and can be picked up by a magnet

Non- Ferrous metals- Dont contain any iron at all. Therefore do not rust when exposed to moisture and are not attracted to a magnet.  Zinc, aluminium, tin

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