- The PM is the most important figure in the UK political system
- Cheif executive
- PMs must be MPs,they sit in the Commons
- They are party leader (callaghan 1976, Major 1992, Brown 2007) when you lose your leadership you are removed (Thatcher 1990, Blair 2007)
- Party majority in the Commons. Most PMs come to power as a result of general election victories.
- 2010- 'hung' parliament, conservatives were 19 votes short of an overall majority. The queen asked Cameron to form a government, this occurred on the basis of a deal w/ the liberal democrats to form a coalition government
- The PM is the 'first among equals'- the first primary representatives of government, all members in the cabinet had an equal influence over decisions
- The PM makes governments: the PM appoints all other members of the government. This power to 'hire and fire' extends to the cabinet & to other ministers & gives the PM control over the careers of his/ her MPs & peers
- The PM directs government policy:the PM sets the overall direction of government policy & defines its strategic goals. The PM can interfere in any aspect of policy .
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- The PM manages the cabinet system: he/ she chairs cabinet meetings , determines their number & their length & also sets up staff cabinet meetings
- The PM organises government: PMs are responsible for the structure & organisation of government.
- The PM controls parliament: as leader of the largest party in the Commons, the PM effectively controls the lower chamber & throgh it parliament itself.The control may be limited in the event of a 'hung' parliament
- The PM provides national leadership: The PMs authority is largely based on being elected by the people.
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- a committee of the leading members of the government
- the cabinet meet once a week
- kitchen cabinet:
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