- Particular section of society.
- Generally motivated by personal gain.
- Used to be called 'protectionist' and 'private-interest'
- Exclusive (e.g. You can only join the British Medical Association if you are a Doctor/Health care Professional)
- British Medical Association
- NASUWT (Teachers Union)
- National Farmers Union
- Represent a wider cause.
- Join for a general gain, no direct benefit.
- Used to be called 'promotional' and 'public interest'.
- Inclusive (e.g. I know it's silly but it may help to remember - you don't have to be a dog to join Dog's Trust)
- RSPB (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds) - has 1.2 million members.
Attitude cause group - A group that seeks to change the people's attitude on a particular issue e.g. GreenPeace
Political cause group - Issuea to deal with politics and power, campaign for change, e.g. Unlock Democracy
Sectional cause group - A group that represents a specific section of society that is distinct from it's membership e.g. Dog's Trust
- They are in contact with the government
Core insiders - Have a strong two way relationship witht he policy makers e.g. the BMA
Peripheral insiders - Have access to but are rarely needed by the government due to specialist interests e.g. Dog's Trust
Specialist insiders - Granted such status within a narrow area of expertise e.g. the WWF
'Prisoner' Groups - These are pressure groups that are automatically given insider status as they are created by the government e.g. the Equality and Human Right's Commission.
- Having only limited contact with the government
Potential insiders - Might one day gain insider status but do not currently match the govenment's ideology.
Outsiders by necessity - Forced to operate as outsiders - unlikely that they will achieve insider status either due to their cause or methods e.g Fathers4Justice
Ideological outsiders - Prefer to distance themselves from government for ideological reasons e.g. Amnesty International