Prelude No. 15 in Dflat- Chopin

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 20-05-13 18:05

STRUCTURE AND TEXTURE

TERNARY FORM (A-B-A-codetta)

A: Dflat major, lyrical melody in RH, quavers in the bass

B: C# minor, chordal melody switched to LH, repeated quavers now in RH

 

MELODY DOMINATED HOMOPHONY

Texture is unchanged because there's only one instrument in the piece. 

Apart from 2 bars towards the end where there is some monophony.

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INSTRUMENTATION AND DYNAMICS

The only instrument used in the piece is the (unaccompanied) PIANO. 

  • Chopin uses the middle and lower ranges of the keyboard.
  • Exploits the pianos ability to create a legato, singing style (or cantabile)
  • Writing is not virtuosic.

Dynamics

Wide range of dynamics from PP >> FF

Section A is quieter than section B.

Lots of crescendos and diminuendos

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HARMONY AND TONALITY

HARMONY AND TONALITY

In Dflat Major.

  • Diatonic harmony
  • Occaisional chromaticism 

then.....

MODULATION!!!!!!  to the enharmonic tonic minor. (C#minor)

-Section A and B both end with imperfect cadences and the codetta ends with a perfect cadence.

-There is a dominant pedal that is heard throughout the piece. Aflats in section A and G#s in section B.

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RHYTHM, METRE AND TEMPO

RHYTHM

  • Dotted rhythms used in the main melody.
  • Rubato used for expressive effect. (stolen time)
  • Repeated quavers are used almost entirely throughout the piece.

METRE

  • The piece is in 4/4 -common time. (the same as C

TEMPO

  • The piece should be played 'sostenuto'- in an unhurried manner.
  • Use of septuplets and dectuplets. 
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FEATURES OF ROMANTIC MUSIC

1825-1900

-Music is a lot more expressive and conveys emotions.

-Rise of the virtuoso and technical advances in playing

-Structures = LONGER

-Richer harmonies are used with more dissonance.

-Programme music becomes popular

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