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Types of prejudice

  • Racism
  • Sexism
  • Ageism
  • Ableism
  • religious discrimination 
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Key definitions

  • Prejudice: thinking badly of someone becuase of the group they belong to
  • Stereotyping: having an over-simplified mental image of people and applying it to everyone in group 
  • Discrimination: actions as a result of prejudice
  • Positive discrimination: treating people more favourably because they have been discriminated against in the past.
  • Scapegoating: Blaming certain groups for problems in society 
  • Tolerance: respecting the beliefs and practices of others 
  • Justice: Bringing about what is right, fair according to the law or making up for what has been done wrong
  • Harmony: Living in peace with others
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Why are people prejudice?

  • Ignorance, a lack of understanding of a culture, due to lack of education which leads to fear of people who are different. 
  • Influence from friends/family who are prejudice.
  • The media
  • As a method of coping with being a victim of prejudice.
  • Fear and uncertainty about future leads to scapegoating.
  • A bad experience can effect people's expectations. 
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Effects of prejudice

  • Terrorism e.g ISIS
  • Restricted employment e.g. ageism, catholic church (female priests) 
  • Segregation e.g. racism (apartheid) 
  • Second class citizens e.g. disabilities
  • Unhappiness e.g. ageism 
  • Suicide e.g. suffragettes 
  • Genocide e.g. holocaust
  • Pay gap e.g. sexism
  • War e.g. holy wars
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Female priests


  • God has no gender
  • There is no specific teaching that says women can't be priests
  • It's the 21st century, times have changed, women are regarded as mostly equal to men
  • Jesus said 'love your neighbour as yourself' you should treat others how you want to be treated, if a man can be a priest then a woman should be allowed to. 


  • Eve was created as adam's helper, so women are secondary to men
  • Adam was made before eve, so is more important
  • It's tradition, why change? 
  • All deciples, gospel writers and jesus were men. 
  • "each pf teh two sexes is an image of god, with equal dignity though in a differnet way" So a woman's role is not to be a priest
  • "You shall not covet your neighbour's wife." Exodus 20.17, women are viewed as a man's possession
  • "A woman should learn in quietness and full submission, I do not permit a woman to teach or have authority over a man; she must be silent." Timothy 2:9-12
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Denominational views on female priests

  • Salvation army: Have always accepted women on equal terms with men.  Skill is more important than gender 
  • Baptist church: Baptists began ordaining women in the 1920's
  • Church of England: Woman could be priests in 1994, and bishops in 2014.
  • Catholic church: Women cant be priests as priests represent Jesus and it's disrespectful for Jesus to be represented by a woman. 
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Anthony Walker (example of racism)

  • He was a black teen, he was murdered in 2005 in a racially motivated attack. 
  • His family were very sad but were inspired by their christian beliefs to forgive anthony's killers, as they believed anthony would be pleased and God would forgive them of their sins. 
  • His mother- Gee Walker, set up a charity taht promotes racial harmony through education, sport, and art.
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The work of Gandhi

  • A hindu who protested agianst prejudice peacefully. 
  • Protested against apartheid in South Africa
  • Protested for marraige rights and against an unfair salt tax. 
  • "An eye for an eye leaves the whole world blind"
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The work of Martin Luther King Jr.

  • A christian, american pastor who fought against racism and segregation. He protested non-violently. 
  • Organised the bus boycott in 1955 
  • Famous for his 'I have a dream...' speech
  • He was assassinated for his beliefs and actions 
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Teachings against Prejudice + discrimination

  • "When an alien loves you in your land, do not ill-treat." Leviticus
  • "You all are one in Jesus Christ" Galations 3:26-28, said by St Paul
  • "Don't show favouritism" James 2:1, said by St Paul
  • Parable of the good samaritan: a man was robbed and left for dead on the street, several people of high status (priest, teacher etc.) passed but didn't help, then a samaritan came along and helped the man even though the samaritans were discriminated against. 
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How can society be more tolerant?

  • Share positive examples of harmony
  • Teaching young children to be tolerant
  • Report intolerance
  • Open days at places of worship
  • Teach people about other faiths
  • Starta multifaith group to celebrate what religions have in common 
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Corrymeela Community (example of response to preju

  • Set up in Northern Ireland to promote peace and dialogue between Catholics and Protestants during the troubles. 
  • People can meet freely and talk. 
  • Based on principles of peace, respect and tolerance. It is deisgned to show people what things they have in common.
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Positive Discrimination

Treating people more favourably because they have been discriminated against in the past. 

E.g. Ramps for wheelchair users, priority seating, employing a woman over a man to even up gender balance, after aparthied black people were given jobs over whites to even up the balance of government. 


  • Makes society a fairer place
  • Using positive discrimination to get more MPs is a better representation of UK society. 


  • Makes it unfair to prioritise some over others
  • Discrimination is always wrong. 
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Universal declaration of human rights

  • 30 basic rights that everyone is entitled to. Made to protect people and allow them to live freely and happily.
  • 'All humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights.' 
  • Everyone has the right to life
  • No one shall be subject to torture
  • Catholic church refuses to all ow women to become priests which breaks the right to equality between men and women. 
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