- Long sessions where you practice the skills continuously without any intervals for rest.
- Can be used when coach wants to simulate performance conditions where there is an element of fatigue.
- Good for the grooving in of skills and saves time as skills do not need to be re-introduced after breaks.
- Good for skilled and highly motivated performers who have good levels of fitness.
- Good for discrete skills of short duration.
- Can lead to boredom or fatigue so learner may lose concentration.
- The fatigue can lead to a decrease in levels of performance and poor learning.
- Does not allow for extrinsic feedback as there are no breaks.
- Practice sessions have rest intervals to allow time to recover both mentally and physically.
- Research has shown this is the most effective form of practice.
- Good for beginners and learners with low levels of motivation and fitness.
- Good for the learning of continuous, dangerous and complex skills.
- Rest intervals allow learner to receive extrinsic feedback and they can perform mental practice.
- It is more time consuming than massed practice.
- A specific movement pattern is practiced repeatedly in the same, stable environment.
- It allows movement patterns to be overlearned and become habitual.
- It is sometimes called a 'skill drill'.
- Most suitible for closed skills that require specific movement patterns to be overlearned and become habitual.
- This method is not suitible for open skills as they should be learnt in changing environments to match how the skill is performed in a real situation.
- A skill is prectised in many environments.
- The practice conditions must be realistic as possible.
- Techniques are adapted to suit the environment.
- Most suitable method for open skills.
- Practising in a variety of environments develops schema.
- Develops learner's perceptual and decision-making skills.
- The learner must have established the skill's motor programme in a fixed practice environment before being introduced to varied practice so they do not lose confidence when attempting the skill in this environment.