Poulenc Sonata for Horn, Trumpet and Trombone

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  • Created by: Bethan
  • Created on: 30-05-15 18:34


  • 'Neoclassical':
  • Structure built on simple, traditional forms
  • Hrmonies often similar to 18th century but with discords
  • Rhythms influenced by jazz-syncopation
  • Wider variety of instrumenation
  • Broadly tonal and diatonic
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Performance forces and their handling

  • New instrumental combination
  • Modern trumpet could play chromatic music
  • Trumpet part=wide ranging-2 8ves and 1 tone
  • Trumpet=main solo instrument
  • oom-pah accomapniments
  • Trombone=awkward leaps
  • Horn has low notes
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  • Beginning=simple melody dominated homophony
  • Some use of 2-part textures
  • Monophony used
  • Various 3-part textures
  • 'oom-pah' textures bars 40-45
  • Last bar=homorhythm
  • Bar 26=2 part counterpoint between trumpet and trombone
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  • Ternary form-ABA
  • Section A split into 3 parts, 1st=main theme, 2nd=new faster themes, 3rd=return of opening theme
  • Section B=new theme passed between trumpet and horn with 4 bar linking section featuring 2 octave leaps in trumpet
  • Section A=return of main theme with section B music interpolated and a chromatic coda and slow down to the end
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  • Tonal
  • Frequent discords
  • Frequent chromatic notes
  • Tends to modulate to remote keys
  • Beginning=G major
  • Middle=Eb major-added chromatic notes, eg A and B natural
  • Bar 40=Bb major
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  • Often quite bare
  • Simple perfect cadences transformed by use of discords
  • Outlined by broken chords occassionally
  • Bar 86-7=pedal Bb on trumpet under trombone chromatic descent
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  • Simple diatonic tunes used, eg opening
  • Tunes outlined by broken chords
  • Balanced pharses, eg opening
  • Mostly conjunct, eg opening
  • Scalic music sometimes with added chromaticism
  • Repeated notes
  • Ornamental phrases
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Rhythm and metre

  • Principle melody contains mainly quavers and semiquavers
  • Tunes begin on anacrusis, eg 1st phrase
  • Semiquaver scale in free rhythm bar 39
  • Syncopation
  • Rhythm sometimes broken by rests
  • Time signature changes, eg opnening changes between quadruple, triple and quintuple time
  • Speed changes frequently
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