The Post Modern theory of social class
Postmodernism (PoMo!) is relatively new theory and is a view that goes beyond the sociological
The idea that there does not have to be a set pattern in society. In sociology, this mean that you don’t have to choose a method of research according to your theoretical perspective, but use the one that is most valid for your research
You do not have to follow a particular theory, but may like bits of all of them- or not!
They do not offer a straightforward theory of social like, like Marxism and Functionalists; they tend to be critical of these views and just offer interpretation of what occurs
Their theory continued
PoMo’s could be classed as naive or forward thinking. The multicultural nature of modern western society means that we are less socially cohesive (Functionalist view) and that identity based on gender, ethnicity, or social class is too complex due to their heterogeneous nature
An individual’s identity is far more important and this can change varying depending on time, place and events
Baudrillard: He rejected theories on society and took a more fatalistic view. He accepted how the nature of society is and examined it, rather than postulating what would/could happen to society.
Marshall: Research showed that social class is still quite important to a person’s identity. Many people are still aware of their class position and are happy to use this in identifying themselves.
Waters: Suggests that our CONSUMPTIVE PATTERNS are more likely to define our social identity. This impact of globalisation and access to a multitude of lifestyles is far more important than fitting into a social class
We have been forced to consider what the structures that form our identity are e.g. class, economics, media
Traditional theorists have been questioned and people have adapted their approaches e.g. New Marxists
PoMo’s analyse society as it is, not on what it will be and how it will get there
Naive to think that social class is no longer important
Can be vague and difficult to understand
Considered a little arrogant to deny the importance of other theories