Population distribution in Brazil

Brazil is an LEDC and the revision cards give information on the population distribution.

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  • Created by: Rukhsar
  • Created on: 13-06-10 19:01

Main Facts

The North: Has a low population density in the Amazon Basin. Along Amazon River higher population density. Main cities are Manaus and Belem. Between 1850 and 1910 the population grew six-fold as a rubber industry developed. In 1980s fears of too rapid deforestation so colonization was stopped.

North east: 30% of Brazilian population, suffered from drought.

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The changing distribution of population

Once much of the population was located in rural areas. Today most people live in cities. This is called urbanization and has occurred because: agricultural land has become overcrowded due to population increase, people cannot make a living from their land, people have moved to cities to look for jobs, the North-east region has been hit by droughts, better transport systems have allowed people to move and radio stations have shown urban life and people liked what they saw.

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Additional detail

Six different factors affect rapid growth of population:

  • Birth rate: Rapid increase in Brazil's population is not because of more births as these have decreased.
  • Death rate: Falling because of better sanitation, health care and medicines.
  • Infant mortality: declined
  • Life expectancy: Brazilians are living longer
  • Immigration and emigration: Little effect
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