population change

population change

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  • Created by: Elaine
  • Created on: 15-01-12 19:14

natural increase

birth rate 25:1000

death rate 20:1000

in migration 10:1000

out migration 9:1000

natural increase = (BR + IM) - (DR + OM)

= 6:1000

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DTM

DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION MODEL

STAGE 1: HIGH BIRTH AND DEATH RATES

STAGE 2 HIGH BIRTH, LOW DEATH

STAGE 3: LOW BIRTH AND DEATH

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POPULATION PYRAMID

A COUNTRIES POPULATION STRUCTURE IS USUALLY SHOWN USING A POPULATION PYRAMID

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CHINAS ONE CHILD POLICY

STATES YOU CAN HAVE ONLY ONE CHILD

GIVEN REWARS TO PEOPLE WITH ONE CHILD

FREE EDUCATION AND FREE HEALTH CARE

FINES CAN BE GIVEN OUT IF NOT FOLLOWED

EXCEPTIONS SUCH AS IF YOU HAVE A BIGGER PLOT YOU CAN HAVE MORE

IF YOU ARE OF A DIFFERENT RELIGION OR COUNTRY YOU ARE ALLOWED MORE

IT HAS LEAD TO A RAISE IN BOYS AS THERE ARE SEEN AS BETTER

THERE WOULD BE 300,000,000 MORE CHINESE IF THE POLICY WASNT INTRODUCED

HAS WORKED

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DEPENDANCY RATIO

DEPENDANCY RATION = (DEPENDANT POPULATION DIVIDED BY INDEPENDANT POPULATON) X 100

DEPENDANT IS UNDER 16 AND OVER 65 AND UNEMPLOYED

INDEPENDANT IS WORKING

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AGEING POPULATION

PROBLEMS: LABOUR SHORTAGES, A RISING DEPENDANCY RATIO, INCREASING DEMANDS FOR SERVICES FOR THE LEDERLY, INCREASING COSTS OF PROVIDING STATE PENSIONS AND THE FALLING BIRTH RATE.

FRANCES SOLUTION 

PRO NATAL POLICY

ENCOURAGED PEOPLE TO HAVE CHILDREN TO PRODUCE A MORE FAVOURABLE AGE STRUCTURE AND DEPENDANCY RATIO

WORKED AT THE BEGINNING BUT THEN WENT BACK TO NORMAL

THREE YEARS OF PARENTAL PAY LEAVE WHICH CAN BE USED BY PARENTS

FULL TIME SCHOOLING STARTS AT 3 FULLY PAID FOR

DAY CARE FOR CHIKLDREN LESS THAN 3 IS SUBSIDISED

THE MORE CHILDREN A WOMEN HAS THE EARLIER SHE CAN RETIRE ON A FULL PENSION

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