BIRTH RATE - the number of live births per 1000 in a given year
DEATH RATE - the number of deaths per 1000 in agiven year
INFANT MORATLITY RATE- the number of babies who died under 1 per 100 births per year
NATURAL INCREASE - when birth rate exceeds death rate
NATURAL DECREASE - when death rate exceeds birth rate
Global population increased slowly until mid 1900s when it started to grow exponentially due to declining death rates.
DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION MODEL
POPULATION PYRAMIDS - show the age and gender of a countries population.
POPULATION RESOURCE RELATIONSHIP
OVERPOPULATION - the population is greater than the amount of resources available.
UNDERPOPULATION - there are more resources than people
ANTI-NATAL POLICIES - aim to reduce the birth rate within a country as they are experiencing rapid population growth.
PRO-NATAL POLICIES - aim to increase the birth rate within a country.
MIGRATION - the permanent movement from one area to another area.
PUSH FACTORS - the negatives which persuade someone to leave their home nation.
PULL FACTORS - the positives which attract someone to their host country.