HideShow resource information


  • Basic life... used natural resources
  • Occupation came the basis of play... worked by hand
  • Dangerous.. many deaths occured
  • Gambling... get out of poverty cycle
  • Literacy... rules spread by mouth as lower class illierate
  • Strict class system... UC- real tennis, LC- mob football
  • Poor transport...played within villaes
  • Rural... lots of space to play
1 of 12


  • Local.. limited transport and communication
  • Unwritten rules... lower class were illierate
  • Cruel... harshness reflected the 18th century lifestyle
  • Rural... before industrial revolution
  • Occassional... limted free time so done on holy days
  • Wagering...rags to riches
  • Natural.. lack of technology.. used natural resources
  • Occupational... work game the basis of play
  • Wealth... 2 class society which had different activities.. UC- real tennis, LC- mob foot ball
2 of 12


  • Early athletics..  community event eg Cotswold games.. skin kicking
  • Upper class.. did to test themself and show off
  • Lower class.. usually partcipated
  • Attractive.. gambled so was exciting to watch
  • Anual holy days.. eg Harvet Thanks giving
  • Pedestrinsion...  lower class employed as footmen and did a walking race, upper class would look after them
  • Prizes rewarded..  out of cycle of poverty 
3 of 12


  • Inclusive game... both classes and genders played
  • Different roles... UC- battered, LC- fielded and bowled
  • Upper class would.. employ lower class to be gardener and to play for them
  • Rural.. played on village greens
  • Natural/ limited facilities... uneven pitches and used trees and boundries
  • Early rules... 1774 3rd stump introduced
  • Done on holy days.. 
4 of 12


Upper class:

  • chivalric code.. high regarded if could swim
  • rural and local 

Lower class:

  • pleasure.. fun
  • Saftey.. surive
  • Hygine.. wash
5 of 12


  • Occassional.. holy days eg shrove tuesday
  • Cruel.. many death occured
  • Unwritten rules... lower class were illierate
  • Natural.. sheeps bladder as ball
6 of 12


  • Gender.. only men, women not even allowed to watch
  • France.. orginated in France
  • Class.. exclusive to upper class
  • Rules..  written rules as UC were literate
  • Regular... had free time to play
  • Non- local... afford transport and had time to travel
  • Civerlised...skilful
  • Specialist equipment.. only UC could afford 
7 of 12

Varying opportunities


  • women were excluded from some sports eg real tennis
  • UC- elistic past times eg hawking
  • LC- smock race and prize was new smock
  • UC- more ladylike and skilled


  • UC- more cilverlised, skilled, regular, increased social status, 
8 of 12

First half of 19th century.. negative effects

  • Industrial revolution... transformation in society from rural argiculture life to urban facotry 
  • Living.. as cities came over crowded meant less space to take part in activities. Diseases started to spread eg cholera and struggling to find food so werent well enough to play
  • Work... 6 day week, 12 hour day and reduction in holy days.. so had no time to take part and when they did they had no energy
  • Attitudes... RSPCA 1824 banned sports like bear bating due to animal cruetly..so when had time they had no activities to do 
9 of 12


  • A- acceptance... old tradditons not accepted
  • S- space... no space to play
  • H- health.. werent well enough to take part
  • I- independance... controlled by factory owners
  • R- rights...  police and RSPCA
  • T- time.. limited/ no time to play
10 of 12

Second half of 19th century.. positive effect

  • New facilities... swimming/public baths this decreaed diseases spreading as could wash
  • Work... anual trips to the sea-side which was paid for to increase energy and production and offered sporting opportunities eg factory teams eg Arsenal
  • Middle class... new people with new attitudes to old tradditions
  • Amatuer- professionalism... upper and middle class were amateurs and enjoy and love whereas lower class professionals to earn money for families and rags to riches
  • Changing view of church.. understood health benefits- 'healthy body,healthy mind' so new cilverlised activites
11 of 12


  • Time... saturday and wednesday half day so more opportunity and paid holiday so had time to take part and follow
  • Women... invented of lawn tennis meant it came acceptable for women to take part but LC still had no provision or opportunity
  • Transport... improved, steam train. meant teams and specators could travek futher in less time. Meant standardised set of rules agreed so then leagues and competitions were set up and allowed trips to sea- side and country side
12 of 12


No comments have yet been made

Similar Physical Education resources:

See all Physical Education resources »See all Historical studies resources »