Exposure - Wilfred Owen
- ''But nothing happens'' - Short Sentence
- repeated to show how bored he is and death doesn't change anything
- "winds that knive us" - Personification
- the weather is attacking them
- "black with snow"
- turn something pure to dark and negative (death)
- "Sudden Successive" - Sibliance
- imitates the sound of bullets
- Half lines
- emphasise the lack of hope
- First person plural
- Regular Rhyme
- Theme - Bordem & Hopelessness
- Soldiers suffered hypothemia
- 1917 he was suffering 'Shell Shock'
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Storm on the Island - Seamus Heaney
- "We are prepared"
- strong opening to show confidence
- "you know what I mean" - Direct address
- to the reader making them think
- "pummels" - Violent Imagery
- show house being attackked with agression
- "Exploding comfortably" - Oxymoron
- to show the change between safety and fear.
- "We are bombared"
- storm is trappping them and they are scared
- "But no"
- Blank Verse
- Extendend Metaphor
- Theme - Fear & Saftey
- 8 letters 'Stormonet' -Northen Ireland parliment bulidings
- Storm indicates violance between Irish Republicas wanting Independence
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Bayonet Charge - Ted Hughes
- "patriotic tear"- Metaphor
- his heroic ideas have turned into painfully reality
- "Bullets smaking the belly out of air"- Violent Imagery & Onomatopoeia
- to show sight & sound of war
- "His terror's touchy dynamite" - Metaphor
- the fear overwhelmed him
- "Dropped like luxuries"
- doesn't care about patroism at the moment
- Third person plural
- "he" - name for the soldier. He represents every soliders in battle
- Irregular line length
- Hughes father served in WW1
- Hughes was a mechanic in RAF
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Poppies - Jane Weir
- "play like eskkimos like we did"
- missing her son and shows a close bond between
- "like a wishbone"
- wishing he didn't go away & searching for support
- "the dove pulled freely againg the sky"
- reflect allowing her son to be free
- "the inscriptions" & "on the wind" & "playground voice" - Senses
- First person
- Theme - Loss & Fear & Freedom
- thought of the memories
- Mothers have contacted Weir to thank her for writtimg her poem that they could relate to
- She wrote the poem to address female experiences of war
- Weir had 2 sons
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Checking Out Me History - John Agard
- "Dem tell me" - Anaphora
- phonetic spelling gives a carribbean accent shows narrator's voice
- "Blind me" - Methaphor
- not allowed to se his own history
- "de cow who jump over de moon"
- 'british' nursey rhyme is insignificant
- "a healing star"
- reference black figures as light to show postivity
- strong rhythm gives poem upbeat to celebrate black history
- Uneven structure
- Theme - Anger & Celebration
- Agard was born in Guyana, Caribbean
- Move to Britian in 1977
- Writes about being black to challenge racist attitudes
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Kamikaze - Beatrice Garland
- "been the better way to die"
- family are ashamed and treat him as if he was dead
- "my mother never spoke"
- denial of everything that happeed
- "yes, grandfather's boat" - Direct speech
- emphasise the impact of war
- "feathery prawns" - Lists
- detail to show the trigger to change his mind - power of nature
- "into history" - Patriosm
- Shift from third to first person
- 3rd person shows distance between daughter and father
- Dramatic monologue
- not hearing the pilot voice shows how hes cut off from society
- Theme - Patriosm & Shame & Regret
- Japanesse Kamikaze pilots were used in WW2
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Ozymandias - Percy Shelly
- "vast" - Adjective
- emphaises his power
- "king of kings"
- shows how arrogant he was and how amazing he though he was
- "the decay of that colossal wreak"
- the statute has "deacy" like his achivements
- doesn't follow rhyme scheme indicates how human power can be destroyed
- Theme - Power & Pride
- irony - his achivements are insignificant told others to "look" "despair" his "works" but theres nothing left
- French revolution 1789-1799 Napoleon had France in a Dictorship
- "Ozymandias" name for Egyptain Pharaoh Ramesses II
- "Romantic" poet
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London - William Blake
- "in every" - Repetition
- emphaise there's no hope
- "blood down palace walls" & "black'ning church"
- people in power are not doing about the people suffering "blood" in their hands
- "marriage hearse" - Oxymoron
- future brings nothing but death and decay
- "cry" "woe" "weakness" "blood" - Negative words
- Imagery & Senses
- 1st stanza - what he see 2nd stanaza - what he hears 3rd stanza - mixture of both
- ABAB rhyme
- Dramatic monologue - First Person
- Theme - Anger and Hopelessness
- Blake believed in social and racial equality
- he lived and worked in "London"
- Rejects the work of religion
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The Prelude - William Wordsworth
- "troubled pleasure" - Oxymoron
- hints guilt
- "upreared its head" & " strode after me" - Personification
- mountain is powerful shows narrator's fear
- "troubed to my dreams" - Philosophical mood
- nature not just beautiful and gentle - describing life in genreal
- Blank verse & First person narrative
- maks it sound serious and personal - inspired by nature as the lake has a "sparking light"
- changes mood from "its usual home" to "trembling"
- Born in Lake District
- "Romantic Poet"
- Both Parent died at young age
- 3 out 6 children died
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My Last Duchess - Robert Browing
- "which i have not"
- he is always right - arrogant
- "then all smiles stopped" & "I gave command"
- obessed with power and may have killed his wife
- "stoop" - Repetition
- shows how he felt his wife was benth him
- "that spot of joy"
- his wife blushes annoyed him
- Rhyming Couplets
- create rigid form - the duke controls the poem like he controlled his wife
- show a long speech and he carried away with anger
- Theme - Jealousy & Power
- The Duke of Ferrara Wife died in suspious circumstances
- Browing lived in Italy
- Intrested in Italian Renaissance (Art)
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The Emigrée - Carol Rumens
- "the bright, filled paperweight" - Metaphor
- speaker memories are bright and solid
- "sick with tyrants" - Personification
- shows city being damage
- "child's vocabulary" - Metaphor
- describing 'precious' childhood
- "They accuse me" - Repetition
- "they" are a treat to the speaker
- "There once was a country..."
- memory is not how it used to be
- Strong ending
- "sunlight" shows speaker is positive
- Theme - Nostalgia & Threat
- Lack of Detail
- might be fictional
- she was born in south london
- ‘fascination with elsewhere’
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The Charge Of The Light Brigade - Alfred Tenyson
- "Half a league" - Anaphora
- like galloping the soliders are going into battle unstable
- "valley of Death" - Biblical allusions
- shows siginificance of having faith in winning
- "jaws of Death" - Repetiton
- theres no escape
- "thunder'd" "volley'd" - Onomatopoeia
- emphasis the soliders bravery
- "six hundred" - Repetiton
- large number of men involved
- Irregular form
- reflect chaos in war
- Chronological Order & Third Person
- Theme - Patriotism & Horror
- Crimean War - Britain vs Russia 1853-1856
- Missundering which lead Britain to be surrounded
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Remains - Simon Armitage
- "probably armed, possibly not" - Repetition
- to remind him about the events
- "all three" - Repetition
- show reader he wasn't alone
- "rips through his life" - Metaphor
- to explain in detail how the loother died
- "sort of inside out" "legs it" - Colloquial language
- telling a story - makes the loother death not important
- "End of the story, expect not really" change to gulit & "my" takes full responsability
- No Rhyme Scheme
- First Person Plural changes to First Person Singular
- Theme - Nonchalance & Gulit
- Soldiers suffered PTSD
- Testimonies for ex-soldiers
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War Photographer - Carol Duffy
- "All flesh is grass" - Bible refrence
- human life is temporary
- "which did not tremble then" - Irony
- the pictures are now affecting him
- "ordinary pain"
- life is different in England than in War Zones
- "Sunday's Supplement" - Sibilance
- reader has to spit out words suggesting speaker fustration
- "they do not care"
- society focuses on their own lives
- "hundread agonies" Emotive metaphor
- gradual revealing of photo
- Theme - Anger & Pain
- Vietham War
- Children running away from bomb picture published in New York Times
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Tissue - Imtiaz Dharker
- becomes before a full sentence - emphaises the importance of what comes next
- "layer over layer"
- mirror work of architects - suggests human life bulids up like "layers"
- "these shapes that pride can make"
- critising human life - we create bulidings that are unimportant
- "a structure never meant to last"
- human liffe is temporary
- "shift" "drift" - Rhyme
- idea of movement - on different lines suggest they've been blown by the wind
- delicate of nature
- Extended Metaphor
- Theme - Control & Freedom
- Born in Pakistan but raised in Glasgow
- Writes about identity
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