Poetical Devises: Imagery

Definition of devises with examples from the GCSE AQA A Anthology Poems from Different Cultures (cluster 2).

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Alliteration

Alliteration is when 2 or more words begin with the same letter or sound for effect.

Examples include "two tongues" in 'Search for my Tongue', "crash through clouds" in 'This Room' and "dragged Danladi" in 'Not My Business'.

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Personification

Personification is when an inaminate (not alive) object is given human qualities.

Examples of poems rich in personification are 'Not my Business' and 'This Room'.

In 'This Room' items of furniture and food come to life to show how exciting life has become and also that something improbable has happened. For example, a "crowd of garlic, onions, spices, fly by the ceiling fan".

In 'Not My Business' a lawn is described as "bewildered" to emphasise the speaker's own confusion and the waiting jeep has a "belly" to suggest the man was swallowed up.

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Metaphor

A metaphordescribes one thing as another to show how alike those things are.

For example, in 'Search for My Tongue', the last eight lines use the metaphor of the writer's mother tongue growing back like a flower: "the bud opens ... it blossoms out of my mouth". This image is used to reinforce the idea that like a flower, her mother tongue will always grow back.

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Simile

A simile is used to compare one thing with another to give the reader a powerful image.

In 'Hurricane hits England', similes and metaphors are used to show the power of the hurricane. "...trees falling heavy as whales" is used to help us to understand how heavy the trees were and how strong the hurricane must have been to uproot them.

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Enjambment

Enjembment is when a sentence or clause goes over more than one line so you continue reading past the line break.

In, 'Unrelated Incidents' enjambment is used to show the speed of the Glaswegian accent as well as to make the poem read like a newsreader's autocue.

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