English words

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  • Created by: clover12
  • Created on: 12-11-15 18:43

Alliteration

Alliteration

the first letter of a word is repeated in words that follow; the cold, crisp, crust of clean, clear ice.

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Assonance

Assonance

the same vowel sound is repeated but the consonants are different; he passed her a sharp, dark glance, shot a cool, foolish look across the room.

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Colloquial

Colloquial

language that is used in speech with an informal meaning; 'chill', 'out of this world', 'take a rain check'.

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Dialect

Dialect

the version of language spoken by particular people in a particular area, such as Scots.

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Dialogue

Dialogue

conversation between two people; sometimes an imagined conversation between the narrator and the reader. This is important in drama and can show conflict through a series of statements and challenges, or intimacy where characters mirror the content and style of each other's speech. It can also be found in the conversational style of a poem.

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Dissonance

Dissonance

a discordant combinations of sounds; the clash, spew and slow pang of grinding waves against the quay.

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Enjambment

Enjambment

a device used in poetry where a sentence continues beyond the end of the line or verse. This technique is often used to maintain a sense of continuation from one stanza to another.

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Hyperbole

Hyperbole

exaggerating something for literary purposes which is not meant to be taken literally; we gorged on the banquet of beans on toast.

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Imagery

Imagery

similes, metaphors and personification; they all compare something 'real' with something 'imagined'

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Irony

Irony

the humorous or sarcastic use of words or ideas, implying the opposite of what they mean.

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Metaphor

Metaphor

a word or phrase used to imply figurative, not literal or 'actual', resemblance; he flew into the room.

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Monologue

Monologue

an uninterrupted monologue can show a character's importance or state of mind. Monologue can be in speech form, delivered in front of other characters and having great thematic importance, or as a soliloquy where we see the character laying bare their soul and thinking aloud.

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Onomatopoeia

Onomatopoeia

a word that sounds like the noise it is describing: 'splash', 'bang', 'pop', 'hiss'

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Oxymoron

Oxymoron

Where two words normally not associated are brought together: 'cold heat' 'bitter sweet'.

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Pathos

Pathos

language that evokes feelings of pity or sorrow

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Personification

Personification

attributing a human quality to a thing or idea: the moon calls me to her darkened world.

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Repetition

Repetition

the repetition of a word or phrase to achieve a particular effect

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Repetition

Repetition

the repetition of a word or phrase to achieve a particular effect

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Rhyme

Rhyme

the way that words sound the same at the end of lines in poetry. Poems often have a fixed rhyme-scheme (for example, sonnets have 14 lines with fixed rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GG). Try to comment as to what contribution the rhyme-scheme is making to the text as a whole. Why do you think the poet has chosen it? Does it add control or imitate the ideas in the poem?

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Rhythm

Rhythm

a repetitive beat or metre within a poem. Tennyson's poem The Lady of Shallot uses a strong internal rhythm to build up the sense of unrelenting monotony in the poem:

There she weaves by night and dayA magic web with colours gay. She has heard a whisper say, A curse is on her if she stay To look down to Camelot. She knows not what the curse may be, And so she weaveth steadily, And little other care hath she, The Lady of Shalott.

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Simile

Simile

a phrase which establishes similarity between two things to emphasise the point being made. This usually involves the words 'like' or 'as'; 'he is as quick as an arrow in flight', 'as white as snow', 'like a burning star'.

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Symbolism

Symbolism

often objects, colours, sounds and places work as symbols. They can sometimes give us a good insight into the themes. So, snakes are often symbols of temptation as in the story of Adam and Eve, white usually symbolises innocence and a ringing bell can be a symbol for impending doom.

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Tone

Tone

the writer's tone or voice or atmosphere or feeling that pervades the text, such as sadness, gloom, celebration, joy, anxiety, dissatisfaction, regret or anger. Different elements of writing can help to create this; long sentences or verses, with assonance (repeated vowel sounds), tend to create a sad, melancholic mood. Short syllabic, alliterative lines can create an upbeat, pacy atmosphere

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Word choice

Word choice

sometimes called 'register', this is the common thread in an author's choice of language. Authors may use words commonly associated with religion, words describing sensory experience such as touch, smell or colour or 'mood' words that reflect a character's state of mind.

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