Poems From Different Cultures

Cluster 2

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  • Created by: Lauren
  • Created on: 28-03-11 16:29

Search For My Tongue

Structure

  • Gujarati in centre; core, heart, importance, dominant
  • Free verse; freedom, flowing, unstructured
  • Enjambment; full movement

Language

  • 'me' 'I'; first person, personal address
  • 'blossoms out of my mouth'; imagery of tongue growing, positive, beautiful
  • 'rot' 'die' 'spit'; harsh diction, death, frustration, anger, destruction
  • 'mouth' 'out'; assonance, used to stress negative diction
  • 'the bud opens in my mouth'; extended metaphor, un-natural, death of language
  • 'grow...grow...grow'; repetition, emphasises dilemma, coming to terms
  • Gujarati; grows out of mouth, positive diction
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Search For My Tongue

Attitude

  • Conversational tone
  • Intimate
  • Despair
  • Lost

Purpose

  • Difficult to be bilingual
  • Questioning identity

Themes

  • Cultural identity
  • Belonging
  • Importance of language
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Unrelated Incidents

Structure

  • Auto cue; contrast between accent and dialect
  • Dialect; non standard, Scottish accent
  • Phonetically written

Language

  • 'six a clock'; popular time, close to standard English ---> dialectal, well established, family, all to see
  • 'belt up'; aggressive, anger upon people who look down on him
  • 'yoo scruff'; dialect words, his social group, values way he speaks, challenging stereotype
  • 'trooth'; repetition, many truths, accent shouldn't prevent truth
  • 'BBC accent'; received pronunciation, established, class elite, educated
3 of 16

Unrelated Incidents

Attitude

  • Hostile
  • Angry
  • Bigoted
  • Superior

Purpose

  • Shouldn't be judged for accent
  • Non-standard accents

Themes

  • Received pronunciation
  • Social and cultural identity 
  • Injustice and prejudice in society
  • Truth
4 of 16

Half Caste

Structure

  • Stanzas vary in length; confused
  • Short lines; gets message across
  • Dramatic monologue; direct
  • No punctuation; speech, challenge society

Language

  • 'Excuse me'; imperative verb, fake politeness, sarcasm
  • 'half'; repetition, stupidity of others, humorous, open minded
  • 'I'; empathy, emotion, story, present time
  • 'yuself'; Carribbean dialect (Creole), mocking
  • 'standing on one leg'; humorous tone, he is whole, he doesn't take people who call him half caste seriously, narrow minded
  • 'picasso'; colour, abstract, spectrum
5 of 16

Half Caste

Attitude

  • Humorous with underlying seriousness
  • Sarcastic
  • Anger

Purpose

  • Objection to the term half-caste; half is inferior to whole
  • Language defines you wherever you go

Themes

  • Stereotyping
  • Racial prejudice
  • Language defines your social, cultural and personal identity
  • Inequality
  • Resentment
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Love After Love

Structure

  • Enjambment; lives events run into each other
  • Caesura; sometimes life come to a stop

Language

  • 'Give wine. Give bread. Give back your heart.'; religious diction, past shapes future, imperative verbs - accept yourself, share, karma, repetition
  • 'in your own mirrors'; extended metaphor of body being house, truth, vanity, identity, self realisation
  • 'The time will come'; break up, future, guilt, regret
  • 'you will love again the stranger that was yourself'; imagery of guest, understand self, closure, reflection
  • 'Feast on your life'; self confidence, embrace truth, positive, old self
7 of 16

Love After Love

Attitude

  • Be yourself
  • Freedom

Purpose

  • Self discovery
  • Learning about yourself
  • Emotional needs
  • Experiences

Themes

  • Past shapes future
  • Importance of background
  • Be comfortable with who you are
8 of 16

This Room

Structure

  • Enjambment; freedom
  • Free verse; full movement

Language

  • 'Pots' 'pans' 'bed'; imagery used to represent quest for freedom
  • 'This room'; personification of a person who is full of energy
  • 'The bed is lifting out'; metaphor, leaving fears and evil behind
  • 'crash'; onomatopoeia to enhance sound effects of poem
  • 'corners...crash through the clouds'; alliteration, harsh sounds compliment breaking out and escaping
  • 'clapping' 'lifting' 'breaking'; present participle, involved in the action, current events in life
  • 'garlic, onions, spices' senses to emphasis being free and alive
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This Room

Attitude

  • Freedom
  • Breaking out
  • Change

Purpose

  • Identity is state of mind not religion or culture
  • Celebration of life

Themes

  • Life is unpredictable
  • Personal growth and life
  • Change can be good
  • Freedom is important in life
10 of 16

Not My Business

Structure

  • Repetition
  • Indentation

Language

  • 'beat' 'stuffed' 'dragged'; violent diction to help reader share horror in each situation
  • 'no query, no warning, no probe'; repetition to stress issues, no freedom, dictatorship, unfair
  • 'soft like clay'; simile portrays severe beating
  • 'one night/day/morning/evening'; regular occurring, emphasizes injustice won't stop until something is done
  • 'so long they don't take the yam'; 'they' shows arrival of them is regular, well known
  • Mantra at end of each stanza; people use it to shield themselves from the injustice and real horror of situation
11 of 16

Not My Business

Attitude

  • Powerless
  • Fearful
  • Corruption

Purpose

  • Injustice eventually affects everyone
  • Injustice shouldn't be ignored
  • Unfair treatment of citizens

Themes

  • Military regimes
  • Injustice and inequality in society
  • Self preservation; ignore injustice if not directly affected 
12 of 16

Presents From My Aunts In Pakistan

Structure

  • Enjambment; uncomfortable being formal, awkward

Language

  • 'They'; impersonal address, detached
  • 'I'; first person narrative, share emotions and story, repetition, what she wants
  • 'glistening like an orange split open'; imagery used to help reader visualize scene
  • ''fractured land'; conflict in cashmere and personal life
  • 'I was aflame'; feelings
  • 'weekend clothes'; split identity, culture juxtaposed throughout poem
13 of 16

Presents From My Aunts In Pakistan

Attitude

  • Conflicted
  • Unsure
  • Split personality

Purpose

  • Dilemma of dual nationality
  • Physical and cultural journey of girl

Themes

  • Problems of dual nationality
  • Memories of childhood
  • Alienation
  • Cultural backgrounds shape future life
14 of 16

Hurricane Hits England

Structure

  • Disjointed; turmoil inside her

Language

  • 'howling' 'rage' 'dark'; negative diction, describes storm and living in a new country
  • 'Oya' Shango'; traditional gods, respect storm, power of nature
  • 'O why is my heart unchained?'; why does she feel uprooted and tossed about by the storm, questioning herself and feelings
  • 'fearful' 'reassuring'; juxtaposed, mixed feelings
  • 'she'--->'I'; starts in 3rd person changes to 1st person, shows she doesn't fit in then she accepts herself
  • Pathetic fallacy is used to show inner turmoil
15 of 16

Hurricane Hits England

Attitude

  • Emotional
  •  Upset 
  •  Accepting

Purpose

  • Memories of past
  • Hurricane is frightening but reminds her of homeland so she is accepting

Themes

  • The force of nature
  • Memories of the past
  • Importance of culture and language
  • Inner turmoil
  • Value of life
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