About: Shakespeare is portraying that true love is consistent. Even if people get older true love will never won't change even if life changes. He is also suggesting that his words on love are true.
Form: Its a sonnet. Sonnets are commonly used for love poems. There is a rhyming couplet at the end of the poem. The regular rhyme scheme gives the poem a senseof order and completeness.
Structure: The quatrains(four line stanza) all discuss the same idea of love being unchanged in different ways using different imagery. The final couplet is the narrator's garuntee that he is telling the truth.
Lanuage- sailing: True love is shown to be reliable. It guides us in an uncertain and stormy world.
Language- time and aging: As we get older we age but that doesnt change our feelings of love.
Devotion: The voice in the poem is declaring love wont change
Constancy: Love is fixed and eternal .
True love: Its not shallow or superficial love what the loved one looks like.
To His Coy Mistress
About: Its about a man trying to control his women and he is trying to persuade her to let him woo her, flatter her and give her presents. He is saying they should enjoy each other whiles they are young.
Form: In the first person and made up of rhyming couplets to make the poem witty & well structured.
Structure:A traditional argument layout, each stanza has a different point.
Hyperbole: His frustration is shown through irony and exaggeration. He mocks her love ideas.
Language about death: He reminds his lady that time is passing. He moves his argument saying one day they will both be dead.
Aggressive language: He uses violent and passionate imagery to express his desire.
Impatience: He doesnt want to have to wait a long time for her.
Urgency: Time is moving on and he wants them to enjoy each other.
Reluctance: She doesnt want to have sex with him despite his frustation.
The Farmer's Bride
About: His wife is 3 years is frightened of men. He tells where the relationship went wrong. He desires her but is struggling to resist using force.
Form: A dramatic monologue, iambic tetrameter. A strong rhythm drives the narrative forward.
Structure: The farmer tells the story of his relationship, his feelings, his wife herself.
Language about nature: He uses imagery from the natural world. This relates to his job.
Dialect: The language used shows his home background.
Frustration: He wants to have a sexual relationship and have a family but she doesnt.
Desire: The farmer is attracted to her wife. He uses imagery to describe her and his breakdown.
Fear: The farmer is struggling to keep his desire undercontrol and there isnt much to suggest a happy ending.
About: The poet is showing her feeling of love for her lover. Their love is sacred and spiritual. The love is so great, she will love him even after death.
Form: Its a sonnet but its also petrachan (8 lines (an octave) followed by six lines (a sestet))
Structure: The octave shows the theme of the poem. It compares love and religious ideas. The sestet compares the intensity of her feelings and her childhood feelings of love. The lose of innocence is clear as life goes on, perhaps during her teenage years.
Repetition: anaphora (using the same words at the start of the sentences repeatedly)
Religious language: Her love is endless like the idea of religious faith, touches all aspects.
Deep and lasting love: Uses the strength of spirtual love to emphasis her strong feelings for him.
Unselfish love: She asks for nothing in return.
Virtue: The poem makes her love seem morally and spiritually right.
About: Relationship with a sister that is abusive and harsh and leads to the death of her lover.
Form: Dramatic monologue, very old traditional form, end-stopped lines help to give the poem more emotion and make it more rhythmic.
Structure: lots of ideas, repeated ideas and shows the build up of narrator's anger.
Ambiguity: Mysterious and links between the narrator's love and her lover's death.
Anger language: The sibilance (alliteration of s' sounds) suggest spitting.
Religious language: Shows guilt, redemption (being saved from a sin), not all sins are forgiveable.
Betrayal:She is annoyed because her sister told her secret to her parents.
Jealousy: She implies Maude's motive was jealousy for her lover.
Spitefulness: She aims to hurt her sister by saying her lover wouldn't have ever liked her.
Cold anger: She repeatedly talks about her belief and Maude will suffer for all eternity.
About: A little boy falls into some nettles and gets hurt. His father comforts him and then cuts the nettles. The accident reflects his father's war experiences.
Form: Has a narrator that emphasises they are talking about personal experiences. Enjambment makes it sound like its a story.
Structure: the poem goes in a straightforward way, events go in order.
Military language: War imagery is used throughout the poem, the nettles are personified as dangerous soldiers.
Painful language: the poet relates the boy's nettle pains to pains about growing up.
Anger: The father is angry at how the nettles hurt his son.
Revenge: He uses rage to destroy the nettles and he attacks them.
Frustration: He knows his son will be hurt again and he cant stop it.
Tenderness: He comforts and takes care of his son.
About: A fairytale and reality story about the birth of his friend's daughter.
Form: The lack of rhymes makes it seem english spoken and puts emphasis on the rhyming couplet at the end.
Structure: each stanza has a different point about virtues.
Cyncical language: The poet uses dismissive language to describe the virtues are worth.
Language about ordinariness: The poet gives a boring description of his hopes but then mentions how special and important ordinariness is.
Tenderness: He expresses his good feelings for his friend's new born daughter.
Scorn: He uses very traditional fairy tale views about giving wishes to babies.
Realism: He gives a down-to-earth way of how people can achieve happiness.
About: Spoken by the wife of a soldier and how his experiences are affecting their sexual relationship and his mind.
Form:The poem is put into couplet-long-stanzas to emphasis the slow step-by-step process.
Structure: There is different injuries in different stanzas, we find them as the wife does.
Language about the body: His body is described using adjectives and metaphors to show that the damage has been taken away from him.
Language about caring: The poet uses verbs to describe how she is caring for her husband. These words suggest she cares for him both physically and emotionally.
Caring: She is sensitive to how she approaches her war wounded husband.
Patience: The whole poem is about her being patient with her husband so he will open up to her both through speech and movement.
Pain: The words used are to describe how he's been hurt from his experiences.
About: An hour between the poet and her lover. Time is the enemy.
Form: Has many features of a shakespearean sonnet such as the rhyme scheme. It has varying line lengths and rhyme patterns. The poem is addressed to her to make it more direct. Enjambment between the 2nd and 3rd stanza, 3rd and 4th stanza shows the stopping of time.
Structure: Starts off with 2 lines of personification with memories of the afternoon. The final couplet links back to personified pictures of time and love in the 1st stanza. Its made of one syllable words to make it forceful and direct but also dreamy.
Language about time: Time is an enemy but also currency spent by love. Says dreamy experiences.
Language about money and wealth: Compares values of money to time spent together.
Cherishing the moment: Love is felt to be precious and valuable.
Strong belief: Expresses faith that love isnt bound by time.
Physical pleasure: love isnt always pure but also real and physical.
In Paris With You
About: The break down of a relationship whiles in Paris.
Form: A repeating stanza other than the 3rd stanza which is very different and stands out. The poem is structured like a song with lots of repetition and internal rhyme.
Structure: The 1st stanza= the narrator, the 2nd stanza= Paris, the 3rd stanza =his intent, the 4th stanza= their surroundings and the 5th stanza= partner.
Language about Paris: The idea of Paris is important, he mentions some of the landmarks but he wants to avoid them so its partly ironic.
Humorous language: Nearly every stanza contains an unexpected rhyme. He also repeats the word 'Paris' while reducing it to the insides of a grotty hotel room.
Self-pity: He starts of the poem focusing on his misery.
Bitterness: He resentful about the breakdown of his previous relationships.
Humour: He's self-pitying but he uses puns and unexpected rhymes to emphasis humour.
Lust: He makes his intentions very clear.
About: Phone calls & texts in a relationship in a gun fight in a Western.
Form: Loosely structured= adds tension, enjambment, assonance, alliteration & internal rhyme at regular intervals= tense and unpredictable.
Structure: The poet describe the lover making contact and his reactions. The events go in order adds tension.
Language about communication: communcation by phone and texts= modern, recent inventions
Language about Western: There is quite cliched imagery from TV and cinema. Contrast of old technology and new technology.
Hurt: The western imagery makes the pain seem physically, knocking her down in the last stanza.
Expectation: Despite the pain the narrator is desperate to get the messages
Tension: The narrator seems on edge throughout the poem.
About: Intense feelings of love.
Form: poetic form from the middle east used to show beauty and pain of love. The final word in each couplet is the same but the second to last words in each stanza rhyme with each other. The couplets arent suppose to be connected as a narritive.
Structure: There are seperate ideas with a whole range of different images and ideas in each stanza making the poem seem playful.
Language about nature: Natural imagery makes the poem timeless. Their love= permenant, natural.
Language about being loved: She wants to the object of her lover's love, she is chasing him, there are images of conflict and aggression.
Intense love: She loves the point of obsession.
Playfulness: different images and repeating rhymes to make the poem joyous and playful.
Pleasure: The narrator likes being in love and the language of love.
About: A childhood memory, him and his elder brother looking after their little brother.
Form: Narrative poem, written in free verse to make it seem like a story written in english.
Structure: 1st stanza= relationship between the brothers, 2nd stanza= youngest went back and the older two went on, 3rd stanza= youngest got left behind and hints at the impact could've had.
Language about youth: contrast the younger brother's enthusiasm with the older brothers' self possession and maturity which is mixed with the imagination of the children.
Frustration: The narrator and Paul want to get away from the younger child.
Guilt: The narrator represents the younger boy as eager using childlike terms. This makes the narrator's actions worse.
Regret: Even at the time part of him wanted to go back and he want to close the distance in their relationship.
Praise Song For My Mother
About: Different aspects of a mother daughter relationship, the essentials of life, mother is everything to her child.
Form: Each of the 1st 3 stanzas follow the same pattern to describe her mother with a different images.
Structure: Its not a story, its unpunctuated to suggest good memories into 1 warm image over many years.
Language about her mother: describes a loved one, traditional form, heartfelt rather than formulaic, unusual context, have 1 simple meaning, beyond simple explanations.
Language about food: caribbean food links mother to specific place, smell of food, nourishing presence, mother's presence touches all her senses.
Gratitude: expresses her thanks for her mother's love and support.
Joy: memories of her mother are warm and joyful ones.
Praise: Praise to her mother.
About: a cheap harmonium from a church, passing of time, years of service, his father makes a joke of the death of the harmonium.
Form: free verse close to an ordinary speech, telling a story, events actually occurred.
Structure: starts of with how he found the harmonium, 2nd stanza= harmonium now, 3rd stanza= its past in the church, last stanza= relationship between narrator and his father.
Language about ordinariness: language isnt romantic, sets the scene, spirtual use of the harmonium
Language about passing of time: effects of time through damage. Links fate of the harmonium to the father
Humorous language: contains a few puns, father jokes about his own death.
Speechlessness: Narrator feels awkward and doesnt want to talk about his father's death
Humor: bleak poem, puns about harmonium, father jokes about his own death.
Sadness: deals with ideas of death and the effects of time.