Poems

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Remains

" Probably armed, possibly not"

  • repeated twice
  • feels guilty afterwards
  • repetitive- his mind set is relentless, cannot move on
  • can't escape his guilty mindset
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Remains

"all"

  • repeated throughout stanza 2
  • passes the blame around
  • putting blame on others to make himself feel better
2 of 22

Remains

" I see every round as it rips through his life"

  • image replaying in his mind
  • imagery
  • brutal, cruel image
3 of 22

Remains

"He's here in my head when I close my eyes/ dug in behind enemy lines"

  • metaphor
  • as if he has dug himself into his head
  • haunting him
4 of 22

Remains

" his bloody life in my bloody hands"

  • self critisism
  • hates himself for what he did
  • accepted responsibility, no longer using personal pronoun ' we '
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Remains

  • Two lined stanza at the end
  • comes to an abrupt stop, mirroring how the 'looter's' life came to a quick end
6 of 22

War Photographer

" as though this were a church and he/ a priest"

  • simile
  • dedicated to his job
  • importance
  • religious ritual
  • serious tone
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War Photographer

" all flesh is grass"

  • metaphor for death
  • we all die eventually
  • life is fragile
  • religious aspect
8 of 22

War Photographer

" from the aeroplane... and they do not care"

  • stares out of window
  • miserable
  • feels a failure, links back to his job, he hasn't done it right
  • detached from group of people in England, not a part of those suffering from the war, alone in his own group
  • reader sympathises with him, feels sorry for him
9 of 22

War Photographer

  • organised sestets
  • rigid, structured, strict, reflects the importance of his job to him, contrasts with the chaos of war
  • ABBCDD rhyme scheme
  • moved from different places, the war has displaced him
10 of 22

Exposure

" but nothing happens"

  • repeated
  • shows how repetitive war is
  • maybe forgot he already said it, too busy thinking about staying alive, stressed
  • long periods of boredom
  • although fighting, they aren't tackling the problem
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Exposure

" pale flakes with finger.ing stealth"

  • feels vunerable, paranoid
  • thinks even the snow is attacking him
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Exposure

" misery of dawn begins to grow..."

  • another day, relentless war
  • dawn is usually positive, contrasts
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Exposure

  • uses lots of para-rhymes which gives it an awkward, jarring edge, reflects how unpleasant war is
  • assonance used for the same reason
14 of 22

Poppies

" placed on individual war graves."

  • talking about the poppies being placed on the graves ' three days before Armistice Sunday' - which shows respect and importance, they care
  • caesura after the word 'grave' to emphasise it- anti-war, emphasis on death, lots of people die from war
15 of 22

Poppies

" spasms"

  • associated with pain and suffering
  • uses violent language to describe something peaceful like a flower
  • oxymoron
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Poppies

" blockade"

  • stops freedom of movement
  • describes normal thing like attaching a poppy to a blazer in an aggressive way to reflect violent nature of war
  • the son's going off to war and she feels that there is a ' blockade' in their relationship, and that they grew distant when he decided to go off to war
17 of 22

Poppies

" when you were little. "

  • caesura, emphasis on the word 'little'
  • maternal gesture
  • wishes that she could go back to when he was young
  • wants to revisit her memories of his childhood
  • talks about Eskimo kisses- loving caress
18 of 22

Poppies

" blackthorns ... hair. "

  • caesura, emphasis
  • thorns on head- links to Jesus, who sacrificed his life for others much like soldiers
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Poppies

" released a song bird"

  • metaphor
  • she feels as if she has let her son fly from the nest, she has let him go, let him be free, much like a mother bird
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Poppies

" leaned against it like a wishbone"

  • simile
  • she's leaning against it like she wants to break it so that she can wish on it so that she can get her son back
  • supporting her as well, because she has been left alone with no one to lean on, not even a shoulder to cry on
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Poppies

  • lots of words associated with war, uses military diction / military language
  • uses lots of caesuras to emphasise the importance of what she is saying and how serious the poem is
22 of 22

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