- A homeless person who sleeps in people's doorway every night
- The homless person (narrator) offers to entertain the reader for money - "can dance"
- Homeless person doesn't want extravangt gifts, he wants "just change"
- At the end, the narrator's tone changes as he has a break down and phyiscally starts begging "on my knees"
- Fragmented form - shows change in time and tone. First he is calm/ controlled, then becomes sarcastic, then desperate
- Opening and closing likes have couplet rhyme first two lines are welcoming introductory couplet while last two lines are asking audience to empathises
- Half Rhyme - "yours" and "stars" ( 4th and 5th stanza)
- Caesura - splits up ideas into small chunks, to allow reader to absorb the whole concept
- Regular iambic tetrameter beat is used - giving the poem a steady consistent rhythm with regular pauses
Language and Imagery
LANGUAGE AND IMAGERY
- Regularly repeats words, phrases and he way line is constructed - gives a sense of monotony
- 3rd stanza - consists of entertainment imagery - shows narrator will do anything, however dangerous or degrading for money
- Final 22 lines use four single-syllable words combined will alliterative words "big" and "beg" and repeats "you" - to emphasis on potential giver
- First person is used until the end when "you" is repeated to add dramatic and persuasive effect
- Uses colloquial (conversational) language
Feelings and Attitudes
FEELINGS AND ATTITUDES
- Pride - intilaly the narrator seems quite prodeuc and doesn't wnat to ask for help directly
- Desperation - at the end, narrator becomes hopeless as he starts negging for help
- Bitterness - sarcastic tone could be hinting narrators anger at insufficients help
- Brings 2 seperate worlds together - rich and poor / lucky and unlucky
Link to Christmas Theme
LINK TO CHRISTMAS THEME
- "stars" - represent the "Three Wise Men" who begged and kneeled in the Nativity scenes, they knelt before Jesus
- "Frankincese" and "myrrh"
1)"Give" - caring, sharing, simple title, like a command, an instruction
2) "Copper" - narrator must be old as copper is an old fashion word
3) "Copper", "Silver", "Gold" - repeated reference to money
4) "Change" - homeless person wants nothing more but loose change
- indirectly asking us the reader to change our views on homeless people
5) "Dear" - sounds romantic and intimate but also hints sarcasm
- gives an uncomfortable threatening atmosphere
6) "I beg of you" - desperate - asking for symphathy / pity
- Line 10 - the use of the ambiguous words "change" is the author asking us to rethink about people who have to live on the streets ?
- We stereotypically think of homeless people negatively. Is that right?
- Does author want us to think about the reasons why people end up in the streets ?