Plato - The Analogy of the Cave
From one of his best known works Republic. In this analogy, he asks us to imagine a strange scenario of people being held prisoner in a cave, and then plays out a series of events to clarify and emphasise his point. What plato wants us to understand:
Plato - The Analogy of the Cave 2
- The relation between the physical and the higher world of Forms.
- How material, physical concerns blind people to what's important.
- The ignorance of humanity when people don't engage in philosophy.
- The potential for true knowledge that philosophy brings.
- There's another world which we can't see from the position we're in but we can reach it and this will give us enlightenment.
- The initial difficulties of getting involved with philosophy.
- The hostility people feel when they're faced with philosophical ideas which challenge their previously held beliefs.
- The injustice of the death of Socrates.
- That education isn't stuffing people's minds with info, but drawing out things they already know and encouragement for them to become new kinds of people.