plant and animal adaptations

notes of what plants and animals need to adapt to and how they adapt.

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plant adaptations

need to adapt to:

  • short growing season
  • permafrost
  • strong winds
  • poor soil quality
  • slow nutrient recycling
  • frost heave/ solifluction

how they adapt

  • grow low to ground- reduces impact of winds on waterloss/ increase stability
  • annuals- quick life style
  • peremials- long life cycle
  • create microclimate under snow
  • large root structure- store food over winter, increases stability
  • leaves are parabolic (domed) shape- increases surface area- absorbs more light
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animal adaptations

need to adapt to

  • cold seasons with hard frosts
  • strong winds/ wind chill
  • prolonged drought
  • heavy snow fall
  • competiton for food
  • large number/ variety of consumers

how they adapt

thick fur, store fat, antifreeze in blood, hibernate in winter, migrate away from cold areas in search of food, small litters- fewer to feed, small size- less energy needed, camolflaged fur, wide feet- easier movement through snow

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animal adaptations- examples


  • migrate in search of food
  • feeds on inseason food
  • wide hooves for digging and stability
  • thick fur for warmth

polar bear

  • deep sleepers- lower heart rate to conserve energy
  • white coat- camoflage into background to help with hunting
  • small ears to reduce heat loss
  • small litters
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